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Culture 2009

Culture 2009 - Cultures are Not Unitary Cultures are Often...

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Organizational Culture Culture Defined Elements of Culture Metaphors Rituals Stories Heroes/Heroines Cultural Artifacts Values An Example
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Prescriptive Approaches to Culture Culture as something an organization has . Deal & Kennedy’s Strong Cultures Strategies for Building Strong Cultures Values, Heroes, Rites/Rituals, and Cultural Network Symbolic Manager Peters and Waterman’s Excellent Cultures A bias for action; close relations to the customer; autonomy and entrepreneurship; productivity through people, hands-on, value- driven; stick to the knitting; simple form, lean staff; simultaneous loose- tight properties Critiques of the Prescriptive Approach
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Alternative Approach to Culture Culture is something an organization is . Cultures are Complicated Cultures are Emergent
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Unformatted text preview: Cultures are Not Unitary Cultures are Often Ambiguous Schein’s Model of Organizational Culture Schein’s Definition: Culture is a group phenomenon, a pattern of basic assumptions, an emergent and developmental process, and a socializing process Level 1: Artifacts/Creations The visible features Level 2: Espoused Values Beliefs about how things “ought” to be done in an organization Level 3: Basic Assumptions The nature of reality/truth The nature of time/space The nature of humanity/human activity The nature of human relationships Methods for Studying Organizational Culture Ethnography -- Writing Culture Realist Tales Confessional Tales Impressionist Tales Critical Tales...
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