{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Sandy_Study guide exam 2

Sandy_Study guide exam 2 - COM250:Spring2009...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
COM 250: Spring 2009 Quiz 2 Study Guide (Part 1)  Systems Approaches:  Chapter 4 1. How is the systems or organism metaphor different from the machine metaphor? Systems metaphor is - a complex organism that must interact with their environment to survive.  Originated in biology and engineering. Key founder Ludwig von Bertalanffy. Components cells and  organs=people and departments that makeup organization. OPEN systems Machine metaphor is –parts with functions 2. Be able to identify and explain the following systems concepts:   Hierarchical ordering —system components are arranged in highly complex ways that involve  subsystems and supersystems. It means that when we look at any sytem we can see how that system is  made up of smaller subsystems and is embedded within larger systems. Example: hospital has  subsystems or departments, supersystem is health care industry. Interdependence  – this notion implies that the functioning of one component of a system relies on other  components of the system. Organizations are highly interdependent. Global economy. Example  hospitals rely on laboratories and they rely on purchasing for supplies. Change happens in one area  affects other areas of system Permeability —boundaries that allow information and materials to flow in and out of org. Flexible.   Input-output-throughput processes —basic level, a system inputs materials or info from the environment  through it permeable boundaries. The system then works on these inputs with some kind of  transformational process or throughput. Finally, system returns the transformed output to the  environment.   Two kinds of processes = exchange and feedback (throughput, which involves the interdependent  components of a system acting together) Negative feedback —corrective or deviating reducing feedback. Helps maintain a steady state or get  back to it. Example: waiter giving out wrong info, supervisor corrects him.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Positive feedback —we use to amplify deviations or changes for growth. SYSTEM PROPERTIES Holism — suggest that a system is more than the sum of its parts. Systems have this property because  of the interdependent nature of their components and the info that flows through the processes of  feedback and exchange.  Equifinality —more than one way to reach goal Negative entropy — open systems===ability to sustain themselves and grow. It is possible for possible  because of the flow of info and material between the environment and the system.  Enthropy=refers to  closed systems tendency to run down/deteriorate.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '09
  • Trethewey
  • unique sense, right org culture, systems Machine metaphor, org culture. Ex, environment. Internal systems

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern