1 Explaining Personal and Constraint Commitment in Close Relationships

1 Explaining Personal and Constraint Commitment in Close Relationships

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http://spr.sagepub.com Relationships Journal of Social and Personal DOI: 10.1177/0265407505058674 2005; 22; 757 Journal of Social and Personal Relationships Michelle Givertz and Chris Segrin The role of satisfaction, conflict responses, and relational bond Explaining personal and constraint commitment in close relationships: http://spr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/22/6/757 The online version of this article can be found at: Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com On behalf of: International Association for Relationship Research can be found at: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships Additional services and information for http://spr.sagepub.com/cgi/alerts Email Alerts: http://spr.sagepub.com/subscriptions Subscriptions: http://www.sagepub.com/journalsReprints.nav Reprints: http://www.sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav Permissions: http://spr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/refs/22/6/757 Citations at Ebsco Electronic Journals Service (EJS) on April 12, 2009 http://spr.sagepub.com Downloaded from
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Explaining personal and constraint commitment in close relationships: The role of satisfaction, conflict responses, and relational bond Michelle Givertz & Chris Segrin University of Arizona ABSTRACT Relational satisfaction, conflict responses, and perceived relational bond were examined as predictors of both personal and constraint commitment in close relationships. Participants were drawn from married, engaged, and dating relationships. A total of 96 couples (36 dating, 28 engaged, and 32 married) completed an interview and a series of self-report measures. The hypothesized association between satisfaction and personal commitment was supported; results indicated that relational satisfaction was the strongest predictor of both personal and constraint commitment in both men and women. The hypothesized association between perceived relational bond and personal and constraint commitment received partial support; it was only predictive of personal commitment in women. Finally, there was strong evidence that personal commitment mediates the otherwise unanticipated positive relationship between satisfaction and constraint commitment. KEY WORDS : close relationships • conflict • constraint commitment • perceived relational bond • personal commitment • relational satisfaction The continually high rate of marital dissolution and even higher termin- ation rate of premarital relationships has made commitment a central focus of personal relationships researchers (Adams & Jones, 1997, 1999; Surra & Hughes, 1997). The study of commitment explores the reasons why people desire to stay in or leave their close relationships. A number of useful Journal of Social and Personal Relationships Copyright © 2005 SAGE Publications (www.sagepublications.com),Vol. 22(6): 757–775. DOI: 10.1177/0265407505058674 The authors gratefully acknowledge Danielle Sykes, Cassandra Bowden and Fredrick Michael Carillo for their work coding the Oral History Interviews. All correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Michelle Givertz, Department of Speech Communication, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA [e-mail: mgivertz@oregonstate.edu].
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1 Explaining Personal and Constraint Commitment in Close Relationships

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