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Unformatted text preview: wHi Melissa, Possible Lincoln/Seward Collection items that could be utilized to compare Douglass with Lincoln on slavery, freedom and future of America by Professor Hudsons students might include the following from the Lincoln files. 10.1.1856 Sectionalism. Text of a speech by Lincoln. William Wyatt Latham describes it as an authentic photostatic copy of the original manuscript of the famous speech on sectionalism by Abraham Lincoln whose original was sold by me at auction in New York City, November 30, 1927, for $18,000. Basler, II, pp. 349-53 has the text as Fragment on Sectionalism [c. July 23, 1856] with the following note: AD, John Scheide Library, Titusville, Pennsylvania. The similarity between the argument of this fragment and the speech at Galena, Illinois, July 23, infra, suggests that Lincoln wrote the fragment near this date. Reports of other speeches throughout the campaign indicate that Lincoln repeated his argument many time, but no other report is so closely identified with the language of the manuscript. The speech says the Democrats accuse their opponents of only running a sectional campaign. The Democrats of the South, however, no longer run their own candidates but rely on the Northern Democrats to approach them with the best deal they can offer, give us the measures and you take the men , after which the Northern Democrats try to gather support behind their men. Douglas sought in 1854 the endorsement of the Democrats in the Illinois Legislature for his motion of Repeal to the Missouri Compromise. The Democratic caucus only agreed to the proposal as a way to back him, against their sense of what was right. The real difference between the parties represented by Buchanan and Fremont is: Simply this: Shall slavery be allowed to extend into U.S. territories, now legally free ? Buchanan says it shall ; and Fremont says it shall not . [Page 5] The thing which gives most color to the charge of Sectionalism, made against those who oppose the spread of slavery into free territory, is the fact that they can get no votes in the slave-states, while their opponents get all, or nearly so, in the slave-states, and also, a large number in the free States-- To state it in another way, the Extensionists, can get votes all over the Nation, while the Restrictionists can get them only in the free states -- This being the fact, why is it so? .. It is because, in that question, the people of the South have an immediate palpable and immensely great pecuniary interest; while with the people of the North, it is merely an abstract question of moral right with only slight and remote pecuniary interest added-- The slaves of the South, at a moderate estimate, are worth a thousand millions of dollars. Let it be permanently settled that this property may extend to new territory, without restraint, and it greatly enhances , perhaps quite doubles , its value at once-- This immense, palpable pecuniary interest, on the question of...
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2009 for the course LIB 154 taught by Professor Carlson during the Spring '09 term at Rochester.
- Spring '09
- The Land