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major study guide - AP US HISTORY Colonial History...

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AP US HISTORY Colonial History (1600-1763) 1. Separatist vs. non-Separatist Puritans – Radical Calvinists against the Church of England; Separatists (Pilgrims) argued for a break from the Church of England, led the Mayflower, and established the settlement at Plymouth 2. Northwest Passage – believed to provide shortcut from Atlantic to Pacific, searched for by Giovanni de Verrazano for Francis I in the race to Asian wealth 3. Conversion Experience – required of members of the Puritan Church; took the place of baptism required by the Catholic Church 4. Social Reciprocity – society naturally punishes criminals indiscriminantly 5. Church of England – Protestant church led by the king of England, independent of Catholic Church; tended toward Catholicism during reign of Catholic royalty 6. Atlantic slave trade – often debtors sold to slave traders by African kings seeking riches; Columbian Exchange 7. Jamestown – first permanent English settlement in the Americas (1607), along James River 8. John Smith – introduced work ethic to Jamestown colony, sanitation, diplomat to local Native American tribes; had fought Spanish and Turks 9. Pocahontas – key to English-Native American relationship, died in England in 1617 10. Mayflower Compact – foundation for self-government laid out by the first Massachusetts settlers before arriving on land 11. John Winthrop – Calvinist, devised concept of “city on a hill” (“A Model of Christian Charity”); founded highly successful towns in Massachusetts Bay 12. “ City on a Hill” – exemplary Christian community, rich to show charity, held to Calvinistic beliefs 13. Indentured servants – settlers to pay the expenses of a servant’s voyage and be granted land for each person they brought over; headright system 14. Maryland Act of Religious Toleration (1649) – mandated the toleration of all Christian denominations in Maryland, even though Maryland was founded for Catholics (but majority was protestant)
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15. James I, Charles I – reluctant to give colonists their own government, preferred to appoint royal governors 16. William Penn and the Quakers – settled in Pennsylvania, believed the “Inner Light” could speak through any person and ran religious services without ministers 17. Roger Williams – challenged New Englanders to completely separate Church from State, as the State would corrupt the church 18. Anne Hutchinson – challenged New England Calvinist ministers’ authority, as they taught the good works for salvation of Catholicism 19. The Half-Way Covenant – New Englanders who did not wish to relate their conversion experiences could become half-way saints so that their children would be able to have the opportunity to be saints 20. Bacon’s Rebellion – rebels felt the governor of Virginia failed to protect the frontier from the Native Americans Independence (1763-1789) 21. Navigation Acts – only English and American ships allowed to colonial ports; dissent
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This note was uploaded on 12/16/2009 for the course IDK 23432 taught by Professor Mrhey during the Spring '09 term at E. Kentucky.

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major study guide - AP US HISTORY Colonial History...

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