Chapter Twelve Review

Chapter Twelve Review - ChapterTwelveReview Music...

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Chapter Twelve Review Music, television, movies, magazines, and the Internet are part of the daily environment for nearly all young people growing up in industrialized countries. American adolescents typically spend 8 hours per day using media. Media are argued to cause a displacement effect. Cultivation Theory argues that watching television gradually shapes a person's worldview, so that over time it comes to resemble the worldview most frequently depicted on TV. The Mean World Syndrome is one aspect of Cultivation Theory. According so Social Learning Theory, people will be likely to imitate behaviors they see frequently performed by models who are rewarded or not punished. The uses and gratifications approach emphasizes people as active media consumers and is based on two key principles. First, people differ in numerous ways that lead them to make different choices about media consumption. Second, even people consuming the same media will respond to it in different ways, depending on their individual characteristics. According to the Media Practice Model, adolescents' identity motivates the selection of media products. Paying attention to certain media products leads to interaction with them, and then adolescents engage in application of the media content they have chosen, which may be incorporated into their identities. Their developing identity then motivates new media selections, and so on. Adolescents and emerging adults often make use of media as an enjoyable part of their leisure lives. Music is the most-used media form among adolescents and emerging adults. In media adolescents find ideal selves and feared selves, to emulate and avoid. Media can also provide information that would otherwise have been unavailable, and adolescents may use some of this information in identity construction. Adolescents also take ideas of what it means to be a man or a woman and learn sexual and romantic scripts from the media. Adolescents and emerging adults tend to be higher in sensation seeking and certain media provide intense and novel sensations. Heightened sensation seeking in adolescence and emerging adults may help explain why television view drops during adolescence while music listening increases. Young people use media to relieve and dispel negative emotions. Certain types of music,
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Chapter Twelve Review - ChapterTwelveReview Music...

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