PSY_214_sg4 - PSY 214 Adolescent Psychology Chapter 4 Study...

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PSY 214 – Adolescent Psychology Chapter 4 Study Guide 1. What is “socialization”? What are the 3 essential outcomes of this process? Socialization is the process by which people acquire behaviors and beliefs of the culture they live in. Three outcomes central to this process are self- regulation, role preparation, and the cultivation of sources of meaning. Socialization begins at birth as parents immeadeatly begin reinforcing behaviors that are considered appropriate within their culture and ignoring or punishing behaviors that are considered inappropriate. 2. Distinguish between individualistic and collectivistic cultures, and between broad and narrow socialization. A central issue with respect to cultural beliefs about socialization concerns  whether cultures value individualism and self-expression most highly or whether  they value the collectivistic values of obedience and conformity. Collectivistic  cultures promote the development of an interdependent self while individualistic 
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course PSY 214 taught by Professor Dr.judyleach during the Spring '07 term at St. Louis CC.

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PSY_214_sg4 - PSY 214 Adolescent Psychology Chapter 4 Study...

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