214_chapter_5_sg - PSY 214 Adolescent Psychology Chapter 5...

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PSY 214 – Adolescent Psychology Chapter 5 Study Guide 1. What, in general, happens to culturally defined gender roles when boys and girls reach adolescence? For example, do they become more broadly or more narrowly defined? Weaker or more intense? Adolescent boys and girls in traditional cultures often have different lives and  spend little time together. The expectations for their behavior as adolescents and  the work they do as adults are sharply divided. In cultures where socialization is  narrow, it tends to be narrowest with respect to gender expectations.  Girls in traditional cultures typically work alongside their mothers from a young  age and by adolescence they can contribute equal amounts of work. Girls  typically maintain a close relationship with their mothers. In adolescence,  socialization stays narrow or becomes even narrower for girls, their budding  sexuality is likely to be tightly restricted, and there is a focus on preparing for  marriage or gender-specific adult work.  For boys, manhood is something that has to be achieved and the attainment of  manhood is often fraught with peril and carries a possibility of failure. In most  cultures an adolescent boy must demonstrate three capacities before he can be  considered a man: provide, protect, and procreate. Manhood requirements  involve not just the acquisition of skills in these three areas but also the  development of certain character qualities that must accompany the skills.  Adolescent girls in the 18 th  and 19 th  centuries were narrowly constricted in terms  of occupational roles, cultural perceptions of them as fragile and innocent,  sexuality, and physical appearance. However, these girls also benefited from the  existence of a wide range of voluntary organizations in which women provided a  “protective umbrella” for their nurturance. 
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214_chapter_5_sg - PSY 214 Adolescent Psychology Chapter 5...

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