PSY 214 – Adolescent PsychologyChapter 5 NotesThe topic of this chapter, gender, is one of the most comprehensively researched topics in the field of psychology – second only to the nature-nurture issue. When I was in graduate school in the 1970’s, there was an overview of all the research that had been published up until then that looked at the effects of gender on behavior; the overview took up 2 volumes! By now, I’m sure that such an overview would be at least twice that size.The gender issue relates most closely to one of the themes that was introduced in the previous chapter. Recall (from page 104) that one of the 3 main outcomes of the process of socialization is “role preparation”. In all cultures, males and females are expected to take on different roles. As adolescents begin to sort through the different role options that are available to them when they become adults, their concepts of what are appropriate roles for people of their gender guide much of their thinking and decision-making.
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