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Unformatted text preview: STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM III Infant & Toddler Social-Emotional Development; Chapters 6 & 8 hierarchical attachment pattern, Reciprocity: true social interactions involving mutual exchanges between partners Attunement: caregivers’ adjustment of the stimulation they provide in response to the signs from the infant Sensitive care: caregiver attends to the infant’s needs and responds to them promptly/effectively Recognitory assimilation: infant recognizes a familiar stimulus and assimilates it to an established scheme (ex: smiling) Emotion: state of feeling that arises when a person evaluates an event in a particular way Stranger distress: negative reactions of infants to strangers Dyadic regulation: infant purposefully signals caregiver when distressed Attachment: enduring emotional tie between infant and caregiver (two-way relationship that is developed over a long period of time) Separation distress: negative reactions of infants when the caregiver temporarily leaves Greeting reactions: positive reactions when the caregiver appears Secure-base behavior: infant uses the caregiver as a base for exploration Bonding: parent’s initial emotional tie to the newborn Strange Situation: baby and caregiver (always the mother) enter a playroom, and baby is free to explore. Then they are exposed to a stranger with and without the mother present, left alone briefly, and is then reunited with the mother Patterns of attachment • Secure attachment: infant is confident of caregiver’s availability and responsiveness and can use caregiver as a secure base for exploration o Sensitive care • Anxious attachment: infant is NOT confident of the caregiver’s availability and responsiveness and CANNOT use caregiver as a secure base for exploration • Anxious-resistant attachment: infant separates from the caregiver reluctantly but shows 1 ambivalence toward caregiver after a brief separation o Inconsistent care, ineffective soothing • Anxious-avoidant attachment: infant readily separates from the caregiver but avoids contact after a brief separation o Indifference, emotional unavailability, active rejection • Disorganized-disoriented attachment: infant shows contradictory features of several patterns of anxious attachment or appears dazed and disoriented o Maltreatment, frightening/confusing caregiver behavior Internal working model: generalizations about the social world Temperament: infant’s general style of behavior across contexts Sensitive period hypothesis: idea that certain kinds of experience are especially important at particular points in development Socialization: process by which children acquire the rules, standards, and values of a culture...
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course CH 310 N taught by Professor Blocknack during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '08