ARH 303 Exam 1 - 8/31/09 Giorgio Vasari-wrote the first art...

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8/31/09 Giorgio Vasari-wrote the first art historical txt “Father of Arty History” Varari’s “primi lumi” or “first lights”” Giotto, Duccio, and other Italian arts of the early 14 th century Key factors in the development of Italian Renaissance Art 1: the Roman heritage Baptistery at Pisa -separate baptisteries…babies couldn’t go in church until they were baptized Roman relief of Hercules and Nicola Pisano’s Fortitude -Pisano used antiquity and turned it into Christian part (fusion of Christian and ancient trend). Gives authority of Christianity with parts of classicism. *Nicola Pisano, Presentation in the Temple, 1259-60, Pisa Baptistery. *Annunciation, Nativity, Annunciation of the Shepherds, Pisa Baptistery Pulpit, 1259-60 It is revolutionary in that he puts different aspects in the story. Mary + Baby Jesus + Annunciation + etc…….different stories within the same panel. Carved gravitax (seriousness). Very noble and serene which ties back to antiquity. Sense of realism…you can reach out and feel…there is a showing of anatomy and attribute to fine details. 2: Byzantium and the east (near east) Iconic image…usually of Virgin Mary…two-dimensional figure. Presence of light in Duccio’s Madonna and Child….shows color in face and shadowing and modeling….the Byzantine looks flat…the cloth is more simple/humanistic….the Byzantine is more elaborate. *Duccio’s Maesta or Mary in Majesty Center Panel, facing the congregation 1308-11; tempera/gold leaf/panel Created for the High Alatar, Siena Duomo (Cathedral) -Mary as an iconic pose…byzantine look…important b/c it shows a substantial amount of narrative. -figures are unnatural poses (byzantine) *Duccio, Annunciation of the Death of the Virgin, from the congregation side of the Maesta -Mary on the congregation side rather than Jesus because Mary is the great intercessor/intermediater….more accessible as a human. -Creates very lively scenes (Mary pulling back) -Narrative detail
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*Duccio, Christ Entering Jerusalem from the clergy (back) NO Tempera Painting Pigment + Egg + (usually) gliding Tempera usually painted on panel (wood) coated with gesso (plaster) 3: the Franciscans and Humanism *Basilica of San Francesco (St. Francis), Upper Church, 1228-1253 *St. Francis Preaching to the Birds 1290? Artist unknown, Fresco, One scene in a series highlighting the Life and Miracles of Francis
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course CH 310 N taught by Professor Blocknack during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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ARH 303 Exam 1 - 8/31/09 Giorgio Vasari-wrote the first art...

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