100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 100 pages.
Master notes for exam 1!!Exam:bring something to write with; closed bookobjective questions(5 minutes--multiple choice)authors, titles, genres, chronology, characters, critical terminologyi.d. and significance(40 minutes)identify four (4), then pick two(2) for higher analysisexplicate (analyze); don’t paraphraseExam on Friday-Bring something to write with- closed book12 objective questions(five minutes- multiple choice) 4pts a piece Authors, titles, genre, chronology, characters, critical terminologyId and significance(40 minutes)Identify four (4), and then pick two for higher analysisExplicate (analyze); don’t paraphraseLECTURE NOTES—CHAUCER—FIRST DAY—FRIDAY AUGUST 28THThree literary modes: lyric, dramatic, narrativeLYRIC--from ‘song’, a short poetic form--often with first-person voice, emotionexample—Keats, “Ode to a Nightingale”Dramatic--conflict unfolded through action and dialogueexample—Shakespeare, King LearNarrative--story: a series of events presented as a wholeexample—Austen, Pride and PrejudiceGeoffrey Chaucer—c. 1340-1400-so-called “Father of English Literature”-Important for writing in the vernacular- ‘vernacular’ =language generally spoken
-travelled through France and Italy; exposed to secular literature there-Our most sophisticated storytellerThe Canterbury Tales—tale collection organized around a fictional pilgrimage to the shrine of Thomas Becket, a martyred English churchman.The General Prologue—called “general” because it begins whole work, and also to distinguish it from the individual prologues of various tale-tellers.First to be introduced in the cant tales: the knight(the knight represents a character that plays their role to perfection). He represents all that a knight should be.About 29 pilgrimsChaucer creates a version of himself in Canterbury tales (Chaucer the pilgrim) who overhears the other pilgrims and becomes aware of things that Chaucer the writer would not know. The 3 idealized portraits; (pilgrims who are perfectly suited in their roles)1.Parson: devoted to the grp.2.Plowman3.Knight (chivalrous, noble, etc)The rest of the pilgrims have more flaws and are not perfectly suited for the roles they play.Canterbury tales is peppered with “Chaucerian Irony”(it tends to be double speaking without overt criticism or malice)-Notice the first active verb in the opening sentence—“longen”.-Some thematic clusters in this opening sentence:calendrical: April, Marchmeteorological: showers, Zephyrus hydrological: bathed, licouragricultural: cropsgeographical: Engelond, Canterburyreligious: pilgrimages, palmeres, holy blissful martyrSOME MODIFIERS TO TAKE NOTE OFsoote, young, tendre, yonge, halve, small, open, sondry, every, holy blissful
rhyme:the repetition of vowel sounds at the ends of poetic linesyë ↔ melodye (9-10)corages ↔ pilgrimages (11-12)ende ↔ wende (15-16)seeke ↔ seke (17-18)anaphora: the repetition of words or groups of words at the beginning of consecutive sentences, phrases, or clausesWhanthat April . . . .