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ATM / EST 102 : WEATHER AND CLIMATE Final Examination Sample December 16, 2009 Name: I.D.: 1. Climate is defined as weather conditions at some locality averaged over a standard period of _____ years. a. 10 b. 20 c. 30 d. 100 2. The temperature and moisture characteristics of an air mass depend on a. the phase of the moon. b. the properties of the surface over which the air mass resides and travels. c. conditions in the upper atmosphere. d. None of the above is correct. 3. The National Weather Service issues a weather __________ when hazardous weather is imminent or actually taking place. a. watch b. warning 4. A geostationary satellite orbits Earth at _________ altitude than a polar-orbiting satellite. a. lower b. higher 5. On an infrared satellite image, high clouds appear __________ low clouds. a. brighter than b. darker than c. the same as 6. Weather radar monitors the movement of a. cloud particles. b. precipitation. 7. Weather radar utilizes the _________ effect to monitor the motion of precipitation particles. a. Coriolis b. Doppler c. tornado d. dewpoint 8. Often the day’s highest air temperature and lowest relative humidity occur a. around midnight. b. near sunrise. c. during early to mid-afternoon. d. None of the above is correct. 9. Meteorologists use water vapor satellite imagery to a. determine the humidity in the air next to Earth’s surface. b. monitor the temperature of the tops of clouds. c. track the movement of water vapor at higher altitudes of the atmosphere. d. measure the surface wind speed in a hurricane.
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10. A radiosonde is equipped with instruments that measure a. temperature b. air pressure. c. dewpoint (a measure of humidity). d. All of these are correct. e. None of these is correct. 11. Generally, as the temperature of a radiating surface decreases, a. the rate of electromagnetic radiation emitted by the surface will increase. b. the wavelength at which radiation from the surface is most intense will lengthen. c. Both of the above are correct. d. None of the above is correct. 12. Which one of the following surfaces has the highest albedo for visible solar radiation? a. ocean water b. black asphalt c. fresh snow d. green grass e. old snow 13. Earth's planetary albedo is about ______ percent. a. 31
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course ATM 102 taught by Professor Nl during the Spring '09 term at Alabama.

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