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0403 - 0403 Clash of Civilizations ,...

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0403 - Clash of Civilizations Bernard Lewis – The Roots of Muslim Rage Despite its monotheism, Islam was influenced by the dualist idea of a cosmic clash  between God representing pure good and pure evil. The House of Islam, where the Muslim law and faith prevail, and the rest, known as the  House of Unbelief or the House of War, which it is the Muslims ultimately to bring to  Islam.  Whereas the barbarians to the east and the south, polytheists and idolaters, offer no  threat and no competition to Islam, an entity with a distinctive religion and civilization to  the north and west named Christendom was no less ambitious in its claims and  aspirations than Islam.  Muslims’ successive defeat: the loss of domination in the world to the advancing power  of Russia and West/ the undermining of Muslims’ authority in their own land by the  invasion of foreign ideas, laws, and ways of life and the enfranchisement of native non- Muslim elements/ the challenge to Muslims’ mastery in their own land from emancipated  women and rebellious children Remarkably little was known about American to Muslims.  Among the components in the mood of anti-Americanism were certain intellectual  influences coming from Europe. From the perspective of German philosophy, America  was the ultimate example of civilization without culture. Soviet version of Marxism  denunciated Western capitalism and America as its most advanced and dangerous  embodiment. After the influence of Soviet waned, Third Worldism took as axiomatic the  goodness and purity of the East and the wickedness of the West, winning widespread  support.  Nazism and communism were the main forces opposed to the West, both as a way of  life and as a power in the world, and as such they could count on at least the sympathy  if not the support of those who saw in the West their principal enemy.  The cause of anti-American feeling 1. American support for Israel? USSR’s immediate de jure recognition and support of the foundation of Israel Czechoslovakia’s provision of arms in Israel’s first weeks of life US’s intervention in the Suez War that secured the withdrawal of Israeli, British, and  French forces from Egypt
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2. American support for hated regimes, seen as reactionary by radicals, as impious  by conservatives, as corrupt and tyrannical by both? Support for such regimes limited both in extent and in effectiveness The revulsion against America and the West is common in the world.\ The West is accused of sexism, racism, and imperialism, institutionalized in patriarchy  and slavery, tyranny, and exploitation. 
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  • Spring '08
  • PATEL,DAVID
  • economic regionalism, different civilizations, international economic institutions, West promotes non­proliferation

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