0302 Complete - 0302 Patterns of War and Peace

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0302 – Patterns of War and Peace Mirjam Sorli, Nils Petter Gleditsch, and Havard Strand Why is There So Much Conflict in the Middle East? Middle Eastern exceptionalism: there is something unique about the ME that makes  the region prone to conflict, autocracy, and economic misery. Middle East is characterized by authoritarian regimes, oil-dependent economies,  Islam, and the protracted Israeli-Palestinian conflict.  Economic development and growth, in addition to longer periods of peace, generally  decrease the likelihood of  conflict.  Ethnic dominance  is  significant,  while  social  fractionalization   is   not.   Regime   type   matters.   Variables   for   the   region,   Islamic  countries, and oil dependence are not significant. ME isn’t more prone to internal  conflict than other regions are.  The causes of civil war duration are different from the causes of civil war onset.  The average onset of conflict in the period from 1960 to 2003 in ME is lower than 
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course GOVT 3313 taught by Professor Patel,david during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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0302 Complete - 0302 Patterns of War and Peace

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