"Hegel on Education,"
Amélie O. Rorty (ed.)
Philosophy as Education
London: Routledge, 1998.
Hegel on Education
Allen W. Wood
Hegel spent most of his life as an educator. Between 1794 and 1800, he was a
private tutor, first in Bern, Switzerland, and then in Frankfurt-am-Main.
He then began a
university career at the University of Jena, which in 1806 was interrupted by the
Prussia, and did not resume for ten years. In the intervening
years, he was director of a Gymnasium (or secondary school) in Nuremberg. In 1816,
Hegel was appointed professor of philosophy at the University of Heidelberg, then
abruptly ascended to the chair in philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1818, where he
remained until his sudden death from cholera in 1831.
As a university professor of philosophy, Hegel viewed his most important activity
as classroom lecturing, and all the major philosophical texts of his maturity after 1816
took the form of
manuals to be read by students and to be lectured upon.
death, the first comprehensive edition of his writings prominently included additions to
his texts on logic, philosophy of nature. philosophy of spirit and philosophy of
drawn from his lectures, as well as transcriptions of entire lecture series on the
philosophy of history and on aesthetics, philosophy of religion and the history of
Hegel was also the friend of Immanuel Niethammer (1766-1848), an important
administrator and reformer in the Bavarian educational system. Niethammer occasionally
used his influence to help Hegel's career, and the two men sometimes corresponded about
matters relating to pedagogy, either at the secondary school or the university level.
Niethammer's projects, and H egel's correspondence with him , are documented in Clark
Butler and Christiane Seiler (trs.) He gel: The Letters. Bloomington, IN: Indiana