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HegelEd - "Hegel on Education Amlie O Rorty(ed Philosophy...

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"Hegel on Education," Amélie O. Rorty (ed.) Philosophy as Education . London: Routledge, 1998. Hegel on Education Allen W. Wood Yale University Hegel spent most of his life as an educator. Between 1794 and 1800, he was a private tutor, first in Bern, Switzerland, and then in Frankfurt-am-Main. He then began a university career at the University of Jena, which in 1806 was interrupted by the Napoleonic conquest of Prussia, and did not resume for ten years. In the intervening years, he was director of a Gymnasium (or secondary school) in Nuremberg. In 1816, Hegel was appointed professor of philosophy at the University of Heidelberg, then abruptly ascended to the chair in philosophy at the University of Berlin in 1818, where he remained until his sudden death from cholera in 1831. As a university professor of philosophy, Hegel viewed his most important activity as classroom lecturing, and all the major philosophical texts of his maturity after 1816 took the form of manuals to be read by students and to be lectured upon. After Hegel's death, the first comprehensive edition of his writings prominently included additions to his texts on logic, philosophy of nature. philosophy of spirit and philosophy of right drawn from his lectures, as well as transcriptions of entire lecture series on the philosophy of history and on aesthetics, philosophy of religion and the history of philosophy. Hegel was also the friend of Immanuel Niethammer (1766-1848), an important administrator and reformer in the Bavarian educational system. Niethammer occasionally used his influence to help Hegel's career, and the two men sometimes corresponded about matters relating to pedagogy, either at the secondary school or the university level. 1 1 Niethammer's projects, and H egel's correspondence with him , are documented in Clark Butler and Christiane Seiler (trs.) He gel: The Letters. Bloomington, IN: Indiana 1
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Education is not only a prominent but also a fundamental theme in Hegel's philosophy. But perhaps surprisingly in view of his career, Hegel does not usually deal with this theme primarily in terms of a theory of pedagogical practice or method. He does occasionally discuss the education of children (EL 140A, PR •• 173- 175); he also criticizes Rousseau's theory of education in h mile, along with some of the projects and practices that derived from it, such as those of J. B. Basedow and J. H. Campe ( Werke 11: 283, VA 1:384, TJ 26, VPR 1:306; EG 396A, PR 175). 2 And while director of the Žgidien-Gymnasium in Nuremberg, Hegel did give annual year-end addresses which dealt with pedagogical theory -- defending various aspects of the University Press, 1 984, pp. 171-233. 2 Hegel's published writings will be cited according to the following abbreviations: Werke Hegel: Werke: Theoriewerkausgabe . Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1970. Cited by volume:page number.
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