14_General_Issues_masters

14_General_Issues_masters - Spanish and French were...

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General Issues General Issues
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Early European Contacts Early European Contacts Spanish in the Caribbean and Meso-America. Key period 1500-1600. English (and Dutch and Germans) in Northeast and Subarctic. Key period 1600-1800. French in Subartic, especially the St. Lawrence drainage. Key period 1500-1763.
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Problems with Problems with Early European Contacts Early European Contacts Disease. Estimates between 50% and 90% of indigenous population died in the post contact period of European introduced diseases. Especially smallpox, measles, typhus, and colds Most of these diseases arise from the domestication of large animals which only the Europeans did. Technology. Europeans had enormous technological advantages over the Stone Age technologies of the Indians. Native Americans quickly became dependent on metal goods.
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European interests European interests
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Unformatted text preview: Spanish and French were primarily interested in exploiting resources, and colonized in service of resource management. English, Dutch, and Germans were primarily interested in colonization and acquiring land for agriculture. They mostly sent families and spread slowly. They mostly sent men, and ranged deeply into the continent from very early times. Explorer-missionaries were common. But HBC is like Spanish and French. Results of Contact Results of Contact Spanish and French left large groups of Indians intact and developed mixed race communities. English, Dutch, and Germans overran Indians, obliterating, absorbing, or isolating remaining Indians. HBC also left Indian communities intact. HBC mixed bloods were often reabsorbed into the white society of the trading post....
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