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10_NewEngland - New England The important piece of this...

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New England New England
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The important piece of this background for our story is the Virginia colony. This is because that’s where the Pilgrims intended to go. There are two stories that intertwine. The first story is that of group of Englishmen and women who sailed on a small ship that ended up in a small harbor in what is now known as Massachusetts.. The second story is that of the Native Americans who lived in that area.
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By the end of Elizabeth’s reign in 1603, there was much anti- Catholic sentiment. The Puritan movement arose at least in part as a reaction to the radical social changes that were going on in England. They believed one needed to start over. So they became known as Separatists. Some of the more radical of the Puritans felt that it was impossible to really reform the Church of England. Because of persecution they fled to Holland, first to Amsterdam in 1608 and, finding Amsterdam too corrupt they moved on to Leiden. But some of the Separatists were upset by the fact that their children were becoming too Dutch, and in 1617 they returned to England.
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From there in the fall of 1620 they took passage on a boat called the Mayflower headed for the Virginia colony. But the voyage went awry. It lasted nine stormy weeks. The survivors moved on to Plymouth. By the following spring half of those who came on the Mayflower including 13 of the 18 married women died. But unlike the promised warm and sunny climate of Virginia, they found themselves facing a cold Massachusetts winter. They landed on Cape Cod, November 19.
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Actually half of the Mayflower passengers weren’t Separatists, either. The term Pilgrim first used for the Separatists leaving Leiden wasn’t applied to the Mayflower passengers until after the Revolutionary war.
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