27_Reservations_upload

27_Reservations_upload - Reservations Reservations The...

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Unformatted text preview: Reservations Reservations The beginning of the 20th century Fnds Native Americans in the US and Canada on reservations. In Canada they are called reserves . This wasnt planned. Rather it developed over three centuries of white-Indian interaction. The Reservation System The Reservation System The original plan of the American government was to give Indians on lands claimed by the US the choice between assimilation and moving westward beyond a pale (or boundary). The Reservation System The Reservation System Idea of assimilation was Frst articulated by Thomas Jefferson. Message to Congress January 18, 1803 The Indian tribes residing within the limits of the United States have for a considerable time been growing more and more uneasy at the constant diminution of the territory they occupy, although effected by their own voluntary sales, and the policy has long been gaining strength with them of refusing absolutely all further sale on any conditions . . . . A very few tribes only are not yet obstinately in these dispositions. In order peaceably to counteract this policy of theirs and to provide an extension of territory which the rapid increase of our numbers will call for, two measures are deemed expedient. The Reservation System The Reservation System irst[:] To encourage them to abandon hunting, to apply to the raising [of] [live]stock, to agriculture, and domestic manufacture, and thereby prove to themselves that less land and labor will maintain them in this better than in their former mode of living. The extensive forests necessary in the hunting life will then become useless, and they will see advantage in exchanging them for the means of improving their farms and of increasing their domestic comforts. Message to Congress January 18, 1803 (cont.) Secondly[:] To multiply trading houses among them, and place within their reach those things which will contribute more to their domestic comfort than the possession of extensive but uncultivated wilds. Experience and reFection will develop to them the wisdom of exchanging what they can spare and we want for what we can spare and they want. In leading them thus to agriculture, towhat we can spare and they want....
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27_Reservations_upload - Reservations Reservations The...

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