02_culture_upload

02_culture_upload - Cultural Traits Cultural Cultures are...

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Cultural Cultural Traits Traits
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• Kinship • Ownership • Gold • Tobacco Different cultures structure their world in different ways. Cultures are not merely food, clothing, and art. Cultural categories are reflected in language. We will mention four ways Euro-American culture differs from native North American cultures.
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Kinship terms Generation of ego System I sibling parent’s child cousin (parent’s) n parent’s (child’s) m child (where n and m 1), esp. parent’s parent’s child’s child (= parent’s sibling’s child) (Removal is calculated on n or m ) System II sister female sibling brother male sibling sister-in-law mate’s female sibling brother-in-law mate’s male sibling English Kinship
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First ascending generation System I parent ‘immediate ancestor’ System II mother female parent father male parent aunt parent’s sister; parent’s sibling’s female mate uncle parent’s brother; parent’s sibling’s male mate mother-in-law mate’s female parent father-in-law mate’s male parent Second ascending generation System I grandparent parent’s parent System II grandmother parent’s female parent grandfather parent’s male parent ( great ) aunt parent’s parent’s female sibling; parent’s parent’s sibling’s female mate ( great ) uncle parent’s parent’s male sibling; parent’s parent’s sibling’s male mate English Kinship
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First Descending generation System I child ‘immediate offspring’ System II daughter female child son male child niece sibling’s female child nephew sibling’s male child daughter-in-law child’s female mate son-in-law child’s male mate English Kinship
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Generation of ego System I nindawemaa sibling of the opposite sex, parallel cousin of the opposite sex niikaanis man’s male sibling, man’s male parallel cousin niidigikoonh woman’s female sibling, woman’s female parallel cousin niinimoshenh cross-cousin of the opposite sex; lover, sweetheart niitaawis man’s male cross-cousin nindaangoshenh woman’s female cross-cousin niinim sibling-in-law of the opposite sex niitaa man’s brother-in-law nindaangwenh woman’s sister-in-law niinimokaan woman’s brother-in-law (= ‘fake’ niinim ) System II nimisenh older female sibling, older female parallel cousin nisayenh older male sibling, older male parallel cousin nishiimenh younger sibling, younger parallel cousin Ojibwe Kinship
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2009 for the course LING 155AC taught by Professor Rhodes during the Fall '09 term at Berkeley.

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02_culture_upload - Cultural Traits Cultural Cultures are...

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