18_.Lakhota - Sioux Sioux In the 1600s speakers of Siouan...

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Sioux Sioux
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Sioux Sioux In the 1600’s speakers of Siouan languages occupied the upper Mississippi valley, the Missouri valley, and across the northern plains. These included (among others): • Winnebago • Iowa • Omaha • Crow • Mandan • Osage • Oto and
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The Dakota The Dakota There were many political groups of the Dakota. They all speak a single language with several dialects which are known by the differences in their self- appellations. Dakota, Nakota, and Lakota (or Lakhota)
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Dakota Dakota Speakers of this language prefer not to be called Sioux . • This is because it comes from their enemy’s name for them. • The French were told by the Ojibwe that the Dakota were called Nadowéssioux . – That is the Ojibwe name for ‘snake’, naadowesiw as spelled by the French. • But the name was too long and was shortened to Sioux .
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Dakota Dakota The four major groups of the Dakota are: • Assinaboine • Santee The Assinaboine were originally part of the Yankton, but in the 1600’s they left and moved north into what is now Canada. • Yankton • Teton
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Dakota Dakota The remaining major groups of the Dakota have subdivisions, making the 7 groups of the traditional Dakota confederacy. • Santee (Isanti) — Mdewakanton — Wahpekute — Wahpeton — Sisseton • Teton • Yankton — Ihankton — Ihanktonwanna
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Dakota Dakota The Teton all speak the Lakhota variety of Dakota. The Teton have six subdivisions. — Oglala (currently on Pine Ridge reservation) — Brulé (currently on Rosebud reservation) — Hunkpapa (currently on Standing Rock reservation) — Miniconju — Sans Arc (all on Cheyenne River reservation) — Two Kettle The westward expansion of the Teton was complete around 1700, about the same time as the horse arrived on the northern plains. The Tetons, or Lakhota, have been expanding into the plains since the 1600’s. It was the Teton/Lakhota, who fought the US 7th Cavalry in the late 1800’s.
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Lakhota Lakhota There were five phases to the Sioux wars which raged between 1850 and 1890.
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2009 for the course LING 155AC taught by Professor Rhodes during the Fall '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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18_.Lakhota - Sioux Sioux In the 1600s speakers of Siouan...

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