32_Language+Loss

32_Language+Loss - Master-apprentice program in a few...

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L L A N G U A G E A N G U A G E L L O S S, O S S, R R E V I T A L I Z A T I O N, E V I T A L I Z A T I O N, and and M M A I N T E N A N C E A I N T E N A N C E
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Language loss is driven by assimilation. Language use was physically punished in schools. Pressures from disaffected youth, TV and radio push bilingual communities into English. Wide-spread bilingualism is unstable. Minority languages around the world are disappearing rapidly. • Half of the 6700 currently spoken languages will no longer be spoken by 2100. • Fewer than 300 indigenous languages are now spoken in the US and Canada, many by fewer than 100 speakers.
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Unformatted text preview: Master-apprentice program in a few languages. • Generally in seriously endangered languages. Revitalization from archived materials — Miami, Wampanoag, Pequot, Mohegan. • One-on-one approach — at best a holding pattern. Attempts are made to revitalize languages. • Many groups have language committees . • Some groups have programs, often in schools. • Few, if any, of these are effective. • Summer camps. Some groups are willing to let their languages die rather than get outside help — Shawnee, Zuñi....
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32_Language+Loss - Master-apprentice program in a few...

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