Memory - 10/7/2009 1 Memory PSY 120 Prof. South 1 Kinds of...

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Unformatted text preview: 10/7/2009 1 Memory PSY 120 Prof. South 1 Kinds of memor 1. Kinds of memory 2. Operations of memory 3. Retrieval & encoding 4. Brain Mechanisms 5. Memory distortions 6. Forgetting Announcements October 8: Memory October 13: NO CLASS/FALL BREAK October 14-20: Blackboard Extra Credit Review Quiz October 15: Memory October 20: Exam II, will cover Sensation/Perception, Learning, Memory Memory: Fundamental to Identity 10/7/2009 2 Memory: Overview ENCODE STORE RETRIEVAL LONG TERM SENSORY WORKING Experience Awareness Storage I. Kinds of Memory EXPLICIT IMPLICIT SEMANTIC ICONIC ECHOIC EPISODIC 10/7/2009 3 Sensory Memory Exact replica of an environmental message which usually lasts for a second or less Iconic memory (vision) Echoic memory (hearing) LONG TERM SENSORY WORKING Experience Awareness Storage Kinds of Memory EXPLICIT IMPLICIT SEMANTIC ICONIC ECHOIC EPISODIC Working Memory A system we use to temporarily store, think about, reason with information Also called short-term memory: a mental workspace The inner voice We tend to recode (translate) information into inner speech The inner eye We can also code information visually using images 10/7/2009 4 Whats The Capacity Of Short- Term Memory? Memory span: Number of items that can be recalled from short-term memory, in order, on half of the tested memory trials Not absolute; also depends on How quickly items can be rehearsed Chunking Rearranging incoming information into meaningful or familiar patterns Working (short-term) Memory Centra Phonological Loop Visuo-Spatial Sketchpad Central Executive LONG TERM SENSORY WORKING Experience Awareness Storage Kinds of Memory EXPLICIT IMPLICIT SEMANTIC ICONIC ECHOIC EPISODIC 10/7/2009 5 Whats Stored in Long-Term Memory? Explicit memory: Episodic memory: Memory of a particular event or episode that happened to you personally Semantic memory: Knowledge about the world, stored as facts that make little/no reference to ones personal experiences personal experiences Implicit memory: Procedural memory: Knowledge about how to do things Includes athletic skills, everyday skills such as bike...
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This note was uploaded on 12/18/2009 for the course BIOL 101 taught by Professor Wormer during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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Memory - 10/7/2009 1 Memory PSY 120 Prof. South 1 Kinds of...

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