0304 - 0304 The Military in Politics (C & B 16, R& W 13,...

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0304 – The Military in Politics C & B 15 Nasser: the Arab world with the image of a dynamic leader who defied the imperial powers and swept away the old ruling elite. Progressive reformism 1952~1967 The failure of the government to secure unqualified independence → popular resentment against the Egyptian ruling class of landowning politicians/ absence of decisive leadership/ growing gap between rich and poor Small proprietors became wage workers. Insufficient social welfare in the postwar era The abrogation of the 1936 treaty with popular support in 1952 Demonstration + riot + arson Black Friday in 1952 Free Officers: lower and middle class Prohibited anyone who had held public office from 1946 to 1952 from doing so again Eliminated the power of existing elites, a different stratum of society began to assume positions of authority Political rivalry such as Muslim Brotherhood and leftist was oppressed land reform – offering benefits to peasants, reducing the political and economic power of
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This note was uploaded on 12/17/2009 for the course GOVT 3313 taught by Professor Patel,david during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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