Ch8Soc - Ch. 8: Social Stratification Social...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch. 8: Social Stratification - Social stratification: a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy; based on 4 important principles: 1. A trait of society, not simply a reflection of individual differences. 2. Carries over from generation to generation. 3. Universal but variable. 4. Involves not just inequality, but beliefs as well. - Social mobility: change in position within the social hierarchy - Caste system: (closed system, allows little change in social position) social stratification based on ascription, or birth o Shape a person’s entire life, including occupation and marriage o Are common in traditional, agrarian societies - Class system: (open system, permit some social mobility) social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement o Are common in modern industrial and postindustrial societies - Meritocracy: social stratification based on personal merit o Complete meritocracy doesn’t exist, but would allow ongoing social mobility and people would continuously move up or down depending on their most recent performance - Status consistency: degree of uniformity in a person’s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality - The mix of meritocracy and caste in class systems is well illustrated by the United Kingdom, an industrial nation with a long agrarian history - The former Soviet Union claimed to be “classless” - Structural social mobility: shift in the social position of large numbers of people due more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts - In 1949, communist leader Mao Zedong declared all work to be equally important, so social classes no longer existed officially - Ideology: cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including patterns of inequality o Plato – every culture considers some type of inequality fair
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/19/2009 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Miller during the Fall '07 term at Ohio State.

Page1 / 4

Ch8Soc - Ch. 8: Social Stratification Social...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online