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Unformatted text preview: Geography Ch. 5 Reading Guide 1. The Ural Mountains are located to the right of Kazan and Samara and to the left of Yekaterinburg and Chelyabinsk, above Kazakhstan. The Caucasus Mountains are located on the border of Russia, and continue through Georgia and Armenia and parts of Azerbaijan. 2. A continental climate is a climate marked by a long, relatively dry, and very cold winter and a short but surprisingly warm summer. Russia has this type of climate due to mountain systems in the south in Central Asia and in the east, blocking the Pacifics influence from all but a small area of the Russian Far East. Also, it is a high-latitude location, the region receives little insulation in winter but has long days in the summer. A third factor is the great size of the landmass. 3. The tundra is the vegetation zone found on the margins of the arctic, such as in northern Russia. No trees grow because of the short growing season, infertile soil, and shallow layer of thawed ground; beneath lies permanently frozen earth or permafrost. The taiga is the large coniferous forest extending across northern Russia. 4. The West Siberian lowland and the Central Siberian plateau are the two primary types of natural region that cover most of Siberia. 5. Russias large size poses an accessibility problem, especially in Siberia. In 2004, President Putin ordered the construction of several hard-surface roads in Siberia, which would make it finally possible to drive across the country on a paved surface, but the project has yet to be completed. The cold climate adds to the price of development. It is very expensive to heat cities and equipment is more expensive because it is specially made to endure the Siberian winter. Shipping costs are also high especially during the winter because of all the ice. The thawing permafrost in the spring makes construction hard to make worthwhile. 6. The New Economic Policy (NEP) that Lenin began to develop in the early years of the Soviet Union allowed some marketing of agricultural produce and consumer goods. Previously, the state had tried to control all economic activity. 7. Stalin had a goal of som in one country. He launched collectivization to directly take charge of all farming. The government exported much of the harvest to pay for imports of advanced machinery, resulting in a massive famine. Stalin also introduced the Five Year Plan, which micromanaged down to the level of in a massive famine....
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This note was uploaded on 12/19/2009 for the course HDFS 367 taught by Professor Henceroth during the Fall '09 term at Ohio State.
- Fall '09