Polsci 2D03 - Week 1.docx - Canadian Democracy What is...

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Canadian DemocracyWhat is Canadian Democracy?-What comes to mind when I say Democracy?oElections, referendums, public participation, politicians, etc.-What comes to mind when I say Politics?oDebates, corruptions, policy, etc.-What comes to mind when I say Government?oStructure, organizations, power, ruling, etc.Democratic Life1. Politics2. Power3.The state4. Democracy5.Canadian society6.Political fault lines7. Government1. Defining Politics-Politics comes from the Greek meaning, affairs of the city – to influenceand usually refers to the practice of choosing a government orelections more specifically.-It is the struggle for power.-Canadians often like democracy, but hate politics, yet free and fairelections are required for democracy.Competing Definitions of PoliticsTextbook:The activity by which rival claims are settled by publicauthorities.HaroldLaswell:Who gets what, when and how?DavidEaston:[A] political system can be designated as those interactionsthrough which values are authoritatively allocated for society.JohnLocke:Political power, them, I take as a right of lawmaking withpenalties of death and, consequently, all less penalties for theregulating and preserving property, and of employing theforce of the community from foreign injury; and all this onlyfor the public good.KarlMarx:Political power; properly so called, is merely the organizedpower of one class for oppressing the other.Feminist:The personal is political.Key differences in the definitions
-Textbook: competing rival claims.

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Heather Bastedo

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