Polisci 2D03 - Week 4.docx - Canadian Democracy...

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Canadian DemocracyParliamentary: Government in PracticeConceptions of Democratic PerformanceRepresentative-Allowing voice to be included-Thick definition of democracy-Consensus is rare-Had to get things done-Seen as more legitimateEfficient-Getting things done-More concentrated power-No need for consensus-Easy to get things done-Seen as more effectiveTrudeau on DemocracyDuring his candidacy someone asks him “Which nation, besides Canada, which nation’sadministration do you most admire, and why?”The future prime minister’s odd answer: “You know, there’s a level of admiration I actually havefor China ….”China? Why China?Because their basic dictatorship is allowing them to actually turn their economy around on adime and say ‘we need to go green fastest…we need to start investing in solar.'”Parliamentary Government by Convention-Selection of the Prime Minister-Which party forms government-Rights of the opposition parties-Role of the judicial branch of government-The principle of responsible government-Are all vital, so vital that challenged can lead to crisis-But they are not found in any written documentBritish Parliamentary hybrid-Can be seen as a ‘set of political traditions’-Borrowed from Britain, rather than a series of documents-But we didn’t take all of the British traditions-Notably Britain is aunitary government-We scaffolded federalism onto a unitary designBritish style: Head of state and Legislature-The distinguishing feature of the “British style” is the relationship between variousinstitutions.-Parliament consists of both Monarch – the head of state and the legislature.-Head of state is the Queen of Canada.-Queen’s representative is the Governor General.
Support for having the Queen DividedSupport-Affection for the Queen-Tradition-Inertia-Ceremony-Prime Minister doesn’t getassassinatedOpposition-Elitist-Costly-Non-democratic-2017 – 43% opposed to ending Monarchyafter Queen’s death, but 41% in support,16% don’t know (forum).Governor General (GG)-GG is a federal appointment by the Prime Minister.-When she is not in the country this falls on the Governor General.oDecided what party forms governmentoDissolves ParliamentoGives royal assent to all legislationbefore it comes law.oReads the Throne Speech charting the way.-However, in practice is the role is ceremonial, or symbolic.-Considerable controversy over Julie Payette – mocked those who believe in God, but alsoless active in ceremony.Privy Council & Caucus-Clerk of the Privy Council, Ian Shugart-Highest ranking civil servant-Non-partisan-Privy Council includes all cabinet members (past and present)-Only present members exercise power-PM is head of Cabinet and Caucus-Caucus includes all elected Liberal party membersSNC Controversies-During SNC scandal Wernick resigned as it was seen that he overstepped his mandate inhis defense of the PMO, and the pressure put on Jody Wilson Raybould.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Heather Bastedo
Tags
Government, Separation of Powers, Westminster system

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