2410 -week8

2410 -week8 - 11/5/2009 What is the self? Is the self...

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11/5/2009 1 Development of the Self What is the self? Is the self unique to humans? When do children first have a self? Self-recognition Linguistic markers Self-conscious emotions Pretend play Humans Apes Dolphins Elephants Magpie’s Pigeons
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11/5/2009 2 Adults want it Quickly! Kids want it Teachers want it for their students Parents want it for their children
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11/5/2009 3 Teens hope to get it from their clothing Associations are devoted to promoting it Self-Esteem EZ i Even Ziggy wants it Global evaluation of one’s self as a physical, social, psychological, and moral being I feel generally positively (negatively) about myself General positive feelings about oneself I like and accept myself Beliefs about one’s competence I think I’m smart, competent, and talented Perceptions vs. reality Distinct from superiority and arrogance Babies probably do not have… Internalized societal norms and expectations (e.g., thin body ideal) Capacity for self-reflection (e.g., I differ from the ideal) Theory of mind (e.g., others may think I look fat) Stable self-representations (e.g., I’m a fat baby) Self-recognition Stable self-representation Evaluating self in relation to standards Rouge Test: 18 months Theory of mind
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11/5/2009 4 Videotaped session playing game with experimenter who surreptitiously places sticker on kid’s forehead Two minutes later, kid (w/ sticker still on head) is invited to watch video of game with experimenter including part where sticker is experimenter, including part where sticker is placed on head Even amongst the youngest age group, the majority could identify themselves in video But, were they able to use this information to infer that the sticker was still on their head? 2-year-olds: none 3-year-olds: 25% 4-year-olds: 75% Pigeons Show Superior Self-recognition Abilities To Three Year Old Humans Self-recognition Stable self-representation Evaluating self in relation to standards Sticker Test: 4 years
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course PSYCH 2410 taught by Professor Dr.trzesniewski during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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2410 -week8 - 11/5/2009 What is the self? Is the self...

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