2410 -week10

2410 -week10 - Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran...

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1 Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran Lecture 1 The Development of Emotion Within the Context of the Attachment Relationship Chapter 11 Emotional Development, Temperament and Attachment What are emotions? What do emotions mean to you!? A definition… ± Positive or negative feeling (affect) states that involve a pattern of cognitive, physiological, & behavioural reactions to events… ± that have relevance to important goals or motives Some Defining Features of Emotion Four features common to all emotions 1. Emotions are responses to eliciting stimuli 2. Emotions result from cognitive appraisal of the stimuli 3. Bodies respond physiologically to stimuli 4. Emotions include behavioural tendencies, including expressive behaviour and instrumental behaviour Schachter & Singer Theory of Emotion Not as simple a process as it might at first seem…. The Adaptive Value of Emotion?? 1. Directs our attention to important stimuli/events -Emergency Arousal System 2. Adaptive value beyond simple arousal: ± Negative emotions Narrow attention -increased physiological activation ± Positive emotions Broaden thinking - exploration & skill learning 3. Important to communications -Inf luence others’ behaviour toward us ±
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2 Emotional Development Emotional development involves the emergence of: • Emotion expression • The regulation of emotions • Recognition of emotion in others Basic or Primary Emotions • Anger • Disgust • Fear •Jo y • Sadness • Surprise • Interest Emergence of the Basic Emotions According to researcher Carroll Izard. . • At birth: ± Startle (sudden noises, movements) ± Distress (in response to pain) ± Disgust (bitter tastes) • 2-3 months: Reliable display of ± Anger, Interest, Surprise and Sadness • 6-8 months: ± Fear and, then, Shyness • Innate • Universal The Evolution of Emotions in Early Life How Are Emotions Studied in Such Young Children?? • Detailed coding schemes based on detailed positioning of and movements of lips, eyelids, eyebrows, forehead, etc), e.g., ± Maximally Discriminative Facial Movement Coding Scheme (MAX, Carroll Izard) ± Facial Affect Coding System (FACS; Paul Ekman) • Coding of individual muscles in the face Bright eyes Cheeks lifted
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Brows raised Mouth open Eyes wide Nose wrinkled Upper lip raised Tongue protruding In Bad Taste: Evidence for the Oral Origins of Moral Disgust Later in Lecture H. A. Chapman, D. A. Kim, J. M. Susskind, and A. K. Anderson
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course PSYCH 2410 taught by Professor Dr.trzesniewski during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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2410 -week10 - Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran...

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