2410 -week11

2410 -week11 - Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran...

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1 Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran Lecture 2 Monday, November 23, 2009 The Development of Emotion, Temperament, and Self within the Context of the Attachment Relationship Chapter 11 Emotional Development, Temperament and Attachment Temperament and Attachment Attachment in Infancy Its Nature, Origins, and Developmental Consequences -The First Relationship - A Platform for Emotional Development and the Emergence of Self Origins of the Study of Attachment Mary Ainsworth and John Bowlby A Video Clip A Revolution in Thinking About The Roots of The First Relationship The mid-20 th Century A very different time for parent’s and infants…
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2 The Roots of Human Attachment Imprinting Biologically primed bond between parent and offspring Long term social consequences - mate preference • Some form of a bond common in mammals • Critical to survival and reproductive success • Special features of human attachment… Food Not Enough - Contact Comfort Harry Harlow • Freud and others held that food was primary to relationship Drive reduction and the “Cupboard Theory” Paralleled in learning accounts • Contact comfort more important than nourishment in fostering attachment Recent Research Developments… “Warm hands – Warm Heart” • A recent study: Experiencing physical warmth actually promotes Interpersonal Warmth Recent observation (fMRI) that same area of brain insula actually involved in processing brain – insula – actually involved in processing both physical temperature and interpersonal warmth (trust) information Iced vs hot coffee alters judgment of another person – only asked to hold for a few minutes! Hot vs cold pad influences likelihood to give gift… • Relationship is primary , not secondary to other drives or needs Children do not develop on their own, they only develop within relationships Winnacott: “There is no such thing as a baby!!” Social interactions in first year have long term impact on personality • Evolutionary roots - Protection And apprenticeship??? • Mother and infant “biologically prepared” to form attachment relationship What are Attachments?? • Close emotional bond or tie of child to caregiver • The first relationship Develops in infancy • Results in proximity and contact between parent and child • Evolutionary function is protection Developmental vs evolutionary function? • Child uses parent as Safe Haven and as a Secure Base • Attachments are discriminating • Attachments are only one part of the parent child relationship • Healthy attachment predicts healthy social development • Attachments are important from “the cradle to the grave” The Attachment relationship Internal Future Relationships Attachment Relationship Working Model of Attachment ?
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3 Pause… Bowlby’s ideas begin to transform our conceptualization of the first
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course PSYCH 2410 taught by Professor Dr.trzesniewski during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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2410 -week11 - Welcome Psych 2410 Professor Greg Moran...

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