2410 -week13

2410 -week13 - 12/6/2009 PeerInfluences Dr.LynneZarbatany...

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1 Peer Influences Dr. Lynne Zarbatany lynnez@uwo.ca • Friendship Defined and Development • Friendship Functions • Friend Contributions to Well Being • What Aspects of Friendship Matter? • Peer Influences on Behavior • Explaining Similarity Among Peers: Selection and Socialization Effects • Modes of Peer Influence • Our Focus on Peer Groups Friendship Development What is a friend? Voluntary relationship based on mutual liking. How are friendships different from kin relationships? How would your life be different without friends? Friendship Development First friendships between 12 and 18 months given the opportunity Friendships increasingly important throughout childhood and adolescence Spend more time with friends than others Functions of Friendship? Important qualities of an ideal friend? 312 University students 491 Preadolescents Companionship, loyalty, intimacy, support, assistance, validation, shared history, status, power, competition, social comparison, etc. Top 6 Functions of SS Friendship Need Men Women Boys Girls Loyalty 4.49 (1) 4.78 (1)* 4.42 (2) 4.57 (5)* Intimacy 4.17 (2) 4.56 (3)* 4.05 (6) 4.59 (4)* Validation 4.16 (3) 4.46 (5)* 4.39 (3) 4.62 (3)* Support 4.10 (4) 4.59 (2)* 4.02 (7) 4.64 (2)* Companionship 4.07 (5) 4.22 (6) 4.45 (1) 4.43 (6) Assistance (6) Nurturance (4)* Shared History (4) Shared History (1)* Assistance (5) Gender Differences in Friendship? Girls’/Women’s same sex friendships more intimate, beginning in early adolescence. Boys’/Men’s friendships more activity focused focused. If not through talking, then how?
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course PSYCH 2410 taught by Professor Dr.trzesniewski during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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2410 -week13 - 12/6/2009 PeerInfluences Dr.LynneZarbatany...

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