Lecture 4 Notes

Lecture 4 Notes - M orphology Studies the structure or...

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Morphology Studies the structure or forms of words, by decomposing words into smaller unites called morphemes Words are units of expression intuitively recognizable by native speakers, eg. Dog, dogs, dogged, doggedly, dog-food, dog-food box, dog-foods, dog-food boxes Doggedly - 3 morphemes, dog-, -ed, -ly Dogged - 2 dog, -eg Words Words are the building blocks of phrases and sentences Each word contains one or more elements called morphemes These morphemes are stored in the lexicon N.B . Morphemes illustrate the fundamental property of human language - discreteness. Language is composed of smaller linguistic units that combine in rule-governed ways to form larger units Morphemes Are the smaller units of language that can be associated with meaning or grammatical function 1 morpheme Book Play Sad Board 2 morphemes Books Played Sadness (changed to noun) Blackboard 3 morphemes Bookstore activate
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Simple words contain: Complex words contain: Roots vs. affixes Roots: every word contains at least one root morpheme; eg. Book (1 root), books (1 root + 1 affix), bookstores (1 roots +1 affix) The root expresses the fundamental meaning of the word The root usually belongs to a lexical category (Noun, verb, adjective or preposition) Affixes (eg. Prefixes, suffixes, infixes and circumfixes) Affixes modify the meaning of the root or add meaning to it Cat, cats = add Happy, unhappy = modify Affixes do not belong to lexical categories 3 types Prefix - before a root: redo, unhappy
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course ANTHRO 2245 taught by Professor Gurski during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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Lecture 4 Notes - M orphology Studies the structure or...

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