Chapter 8

Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Human Development (childhood years)...

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Human Development (childhood years) =>Developmental psychology – focus on physical growth and development, cognitive development, and social and emotional development Prenatal period -> after fertilization Decasper – cognitive study where the “cat and the hat” was read 2 times a day for the last 6 weeks of pregnancy. When read, the baby’s heart rate decreased compared to that of an unfamiliar story. o The baby knows the difference and can react Prenatal Influences on development Ideal conditions at this step will be more presentable to develop a well equipped at Birth. ->Physical trauma, fear, or psychological stresses are known as “ teratogens Some disease may be able to pass from the mother to the Child, causing deafness, blindness, or heart disease. (E.g., German measles, rubella) Perception and over the counter drugs may have an effect on the fetus Illegal drugs have an overwhelming affect on the infant, causing birth defects and abnormalities Fatal alcohol syndrome = severely retarded growth, heart defects, and limb, and joint abnormalities FAS is the 3rd highest cause of child retardation Early Years Learning abilities of newborns Does not decipher fear until eight months old Meltzoff => 12-20 days children can imitate facial expressions Infant Audition Infants turn their heads towards sound as early as 12 years old Baby know there names only a few months after birth Cognitive Development (Piagets theory) Children do not think or reason like adults Stage theory -> any theory proposing that all humans move through an orderly and predictable series of change. Adaptation - > in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, the process through which individuals build mental representations of the world through interaction with it Assimilation -> the tendency to understand new information in terms of existing mental framework. Accommodation -> the modification of existing mental framework to take account of new
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course PSYCH 1000 taught by Professor Atkinson during the Spring '09 term at UWO.

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Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 Human Development (childhood years)...

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