Chapter 15

Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Therapy: Diminishing the Pain of...

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Chapter 15 Therapy: Diminishing the Pain of Psychological Disorders Psychotherapies: Procedures in which a trained person establishes a professional relationship with the patient in order to remove or modify existing symptoms, change disturbed patterns of behavior, and promote personal growth and development. – Wolberg 1977 Many forms of these therapies exist such as Psychoanalysis (Freud), Group Therapy, Marital and Family Therapy, and Biologically based therapies Psychotherapies Most people think that psychotherapy involves a “patient” lying down on a couch and telling a therapist their problems and dark secrets, though this has little to do with modern psychotherapy. Psychotherapy is practiced by both psychologists and other professionals, and takes place in numerous different settings, can be carried out in a group or individually, and also using a variety of procedures Psychodynamic Therapies Psychodynamic Therapies: Therapy based on the assumption that abnormal behavior stems primarily from the kind of hidden inner conflicts first described by Freud- i.e. conflicts between our primitive sexual and aggressive urges (id impulses) and our conscience(superego), which cautions about the consequences of surrender to these urges. These therapies assume that psychological disorders occur because at some time something has seriously disturbed the balance among these inner forces. Pscychoanalysis Psychoanalysis, the kind of therapy developed by Freud, is primarily designed to provide individuals with insight into their hidden inner conflicts and repressed wishes. Freud assumed that once this insight overcomes the defence mechanisms used by patients to keep their hidden conflicts unconscious, and they move into consciousness, psychological disorders will fade away. Free Association : This involves reporting everything that passes through his or her mind, no matter how trivial it may appear to be. Resistance: The patient’s refusal to report certain thoughts, motives and experiences, or overt rejection of the analyst’s interpretations Transference: Intense emotional feelings of love or hate toward the analyst on the part of the patient. Humanistic Therapies
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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 Therapy: Diminishing the Pain of...

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