Chapter 4- Society

Chapter 4- Society - Sociology Chapter 4: Social...

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Sociology Chapter 4: Social environment – the entire human environment, including direct contact with others Feral children – children assumed to have been raised by animals, in the wilderness isolated from other humans Isabelle – was confined to the dark attic of her grandfather’s house until she was discovered at about 6 ½ - amazingly, when Isabelle was taken out of her deprived environment and given intensive language training she was transformed Genie – from age 2 to 3 she lived her life locked in a small room – unfortunately unlike Isabelle, intensive training was not able to bring Genie back to normal - if bonding and learning to communicate with others does not occur prior to 13, the biological window of opportunity may close Harlows – drew significant conclusion that infant mother bonding is due not to feeding but rather to what they termed “intimate physical contact” Self – the unique human capacity of being able to see ourselves “from the outside”, the picture we gain of how others see us Socialization – the process by which we learned the ways of society (or of particular groups) Charles Horton Cooley - concluded that this unique aspect of “humanness” called the “self” is socially created. Our sense of self develops from interaction with others - he coined the term “The looking glass of self” 3 Elements: 1) we imagine how we appear to those around us 2) we interpret others reactions 3) we develop a self-concept Role taking George Mead – added that play is critical to the development of self. In play, children learn taking the role of the other – putting one self in someone else’s shoes,
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Chapter 4- Society - Sociology Chapter 4: Social...

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