Chapter 18- family

Chapter 18- family - Chapter 18 Family THE FAMILY BASIC...

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Chapter 18- Family THE FAMILY: BASIC CONCEPTS family: social institution that unites individuals into cooperative groups that oversee the bearing and raising of children kinship: social bond, based on blood, marriage, or adoption, that joins individuals into families family unit: social group of 2 or more people, related by blood, marriage, or adoption, who usually live together marriage: legally sanctioned relationship usually involving economic cooperation as well as normative sexual activity and childbearing, that ppl expect to be enduring. - definitions of marriage and family will have to change to accommodate same sex unions extended family : pre-industrial view of family unit including parents and children, aw well as other “kin” with shared bloodline nuclear family: industrializations view of family unit composed of one or 2 partners and their children, based on marriage endogamy: marriage between ppl of same social category, limits marriage prospects to others of the same age, race, religion or social class (maintains traditional social patterns) exogamy: mandates marriage between ppl of diff. social categories (builds alliances and encourages cultural diffusion) monogamy: form of marriage joining two partners polygamy: form of marriage uniting three or more ppl, takes two forms: 1) polygyny: unites 1 man and 2 or more women (Islamic tradition allowing up to 4 wives sweet!!) 2) polyandry: unites one woman w/ 2 or more men (Tibet way too much sausage) - world preference for monogamy reflects 2 key facts of life: supporting multiple spouses heavy financial burden, ratio of men to women is about the same patrilocality: residential pattern where married couple lives w/ or near husband’s family matrilocality: res. pattern where couple lives w/ or near wife’s family
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neolocality: res. pattern ushered in by industrial societies where married couple lives apart from parents of both spouses. descent: system where members of society trace kinship over generations patrilineal descent: system tracing kinship through men, and fathers typically pass property on to their sons (pastoral and agrarian societies – men produce most valued resources) matrilineal descent: less common, opposite of patrilineal (horticultural society where women are primary food producers bilateral descent: industrial societies with greater gender equality, two-sided descent from men and women - predominance of polygyny, patrilocality, and patrilineal descent in world reflects presence of patriarchy THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE FAMILY Functions of the Family: Structural- Functional Analysis - contends that the family performs several vital tasks
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1020 taught by Professor None during the Spring '05 term at UWO.

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Chapter 18- family - Chapter 18 Family THE FAMILY BASIC...

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