Chapter 19- religion

Chapter 19- religion - Chapter 19 Religion Durkheim...

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Chapter 19 Religion Durkheim - distinguish between the o profane , ordinary elements of everyday life o sacred, extraordinary, inspiring a sense of awe, reverence and even fear differentiation is the key to religious belief Religion- is a system of beliefs and practices based upon a conception of the sacred. - the sacred is approached through ritual or formal ceremonial behaviour - it is a matter of faith, belief anchored in convictions, not scientific evidence Structural function analysis: Functions of religion - durkheim believed o society has an existence on its own, beyond the lives of the people who create it o sacred and society are inseparable o power of society was understood by ppl through their creation of symbols o in technologically simple societies a totem, is an object within the natural world that is imbued with sacred qualities which can transform individuals collectively Religion provides three major functions for society: - social cohesion, united members through shared symbolism, values and norms - Social control, every society promotes some degree of social conformity, ie cultural norms are justified using religious doctrines - Provides meaning and purpose, provides ppl with a sense of meaning and purpose by addressing the ultimate issues of life - Weakness in structural function view is that it down plays the dysfunctions of religion ie. its role in producing social conflict. Symbolic- Interaction Analysis: constructing the scared - Peter Berger o Religion is a socially constructed reality much as the family and economy are o The sacred can provide a permanence for society as long as the members ignore the recognition that the sacred is socially constructed
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Social-conflict analysis: inequality and religion - draws attention to the social ills perpetuated by religion through justifying inequality and suggesting that a better life will come - even sexual misconduct by priests was buried by the catholic church in Canada - addresses the question of the extent to which religion favours males, the conflict perspective ignores the extent to which religion can promote positive social change Religion and Social change Max Weber: Protestantism and capitalism - Calvinism= the engine of change for industrialization in Western Europe -
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Chapter 19- religion - Chapter 19 Religion Durkheim...

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