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Chapter 20- education

Chapter 20- education - Chapter 20 Education Matsuo family...

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Chapter 20 Education Matsuo family of Yokohama Japan. Education in Japan is very compettive and rigorous application of the student to its demands I scritical through primary and secondary levels to even hope to achieve high enough scores on nationals tests to get into a national university. Many go to the Juku or “Cram school,” several days a week after their regular school. Education- the various ways in which knowledge of factual information and skills as well as cultural norms and values is transmitted to members of society. Industrial societies use schooling: - formal instruction under the direction of specially trained teachers Education: a Global survey Schooling and Economic Development - industrial societies keep their children in school to 18 - pre-industrial, there was no formal system of education - 1830, half the children’s total exposure to school was one year - Hunting and Gathering societies, all knowledge was passed down through family - Agrarian societies, schools were available but only or the elite - Middle Ages, the church expanded schooling with the establishment of universities, but it was for the elite as well - Preindustrial societies today there is marked diversity in schooling affected by religion and distinctive cultural traditions o All low income countries have high rates of illiteracy while industrial societies expect that everyone will have at least basic educational skills Schooling in India - many of India’s children work in factories for long hours in order to supplement their family’s income - less than half receive secondary education - majority illiterate - patriarchal attitudes leave girls receiving less education than boys In Japan - mandatory education laws began in 1872 - cultural values of tradition and family are stressed in early grades - test scores determine whether a person will go to university or college, rich and poor alike - 90% of high school students graduate from high school, more than Canada - Only 30% go to pot secondary, while in Canada 55% go
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