Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 Collective Behaviour and Social...

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Chapter 23- Collective Behaviour and Social Movements Social movement- organization or activity that encourages or discourages social change Collective behaviour- activity involving a large number of people, often spontaneous and usually in violation of established norms Studying Collective behaviour Difficult for three reasons o Collective behaviour is wide ranging-Encompasses sometimes- bewildering array of human actions due to fads, mob behaviour and rumours. o Collective behaviour complex- behaviour comes out of nowhere o Much collective behaviour is transitory (short term) All collective behaviour involves the the action of some collectivity Collectivity- large number of people whose minimal interaction occurs in the absence of well-defined, conventional norms. Two types of collectivity o Localized collectivity- involves physical proximity as is illustrated by crowds and riots o Dispersed collectivity- people who influence one another even though they are separated by frat distances. Ex. Rumours, public opinion, fashion Social groups and collectives differ o Collectives are based on social interaction- riots are temporary o Collectives have no clear social boundaries- have a common attention but have little unity o Collectives engender weak and unconventional norms- rioting soccer fans spontaneously destroy public property develop unconventional norms Localized collectives Crowd- a temporary gathering of people who interact little if at all in the absence of well defined conventional norms Herbert Blumer identifies four types of crowds based o their emotional o Casual crowd-loose collection of people who have little interaction o Conventional crowd- resulting from a deliberate planning of an event and conforming to norms appropriate to the situation o Expressive crowd- which forms around an event that has emotional appeal o Acting crowd- energetically doing something A protest crowd is one which has some kind of political goal Mobs and riots Mob- when an acting crowd becomes violent and destructive Lynching is a notorious example of in the history of the U.S It was used a form of control to exert white supremacy over blacks
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A riot- a violent crowd with no goal, or a social eruption with that is emotional
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Chapter 23 - Chapter 23 Collective Behaviour and Social...

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