Chapter 23 - Chapter 23- Collective Behaviour and Social...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 23- Collective Behaviour and Social Movements Social movement- organization or activity that encourages or discourages social change Collective behaviour- activity involving a large number of people, often spontaneous and usually in violation of established norms Studying Collective behaviour Difficult for three reasons o Collective behaviour is wide ranging-Encompasses sometimes- bewildering array of human actions due to fads, mob behaviour and rumours. o Collective behaviour complex- behaviour comes out of nowhere o Much collective behaviour is transitory (short term) All collective behaviour involves the the action of some collectivity Collectivity- large number of people whose minimal interaction occurs in the absence of well-defined, conventional norms. Two types of collectivity o Localized collectivity- involves physical proximity as is illustrated by crowds and riots o Dispersed collectivity- people who influence one another even though they are separated by frat distances. Ex. Rumours, public opinion, fashion Social groups and collectives differ o Collectives are based on social interaction- riots are temporary o Collectives have no clear social boundaries- have a common attention but have little unity o Collectives engender weak and unconventional norms- rioting soccer fans spontaneously destroy public property develop unconventional norms Localized collectives Crowd- a temporary gathering of people who interact little if at all in the absence of well defined conventional norms Herbert Blumer identifies four types of crowds based o their emotional o Casual crowd-loose collection of people who have little interaction o Conventional crowd- resulting from a deliberate planning of an event and conforming to norms appropriate to the situation o Expressive crowd- which forms around an event that has emotional appeal o Acting crowd- energetically doing something A protest crowd is one which has some kind of political goal Mobs and riots Mob- when an acting crowd becomes violent and destructive Lynching is a notorious example of in the history of the U.S It was used a form of control to exert white supremacy over blacks
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A riot- a violent crowd with no goal, or a social eruption with that is emotional
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1020 taught by Professor None during the Spring '05 term at UWO.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 23 - Chapter 23- Collective Behaviour and Social...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online