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Human Sexuality Key Concepts

Human Sexuality Key Concepts - Chapter 1 Gender The state...

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Chapter 1 Gender : The state of being male or female Sexual Behavior: Behaviour that produces arousal and increases chance of orgasm. Freud: The founder of psychiatry and psychoanalysis – advanced the scientific understanding of the psychological aspect of human sexuality. Dr. Clelia Mosher: Did a survey of women asking them their sexual experience. Most desired sex and some even had orgasms. Henry Havelock Ellis : Published “ Studies in the Psychology of Sex”. Believed women are also sexual creatures…he is considered the forrunner of modern sex research Richard von Krafft-Ebing : Studied “pathological” sexuality. Published “Psychopathia Sexualis”. He coined the concepts of sadism, masochism, and pedophilia. The terms homosexuality and heterosexuality came from his other book “Oosterhuis”. Magnus Hirschfield : He founded the first sex research institute and administered the first large-scale sex survery – with 10 000 people on a 130 item questionnaire. Established the first journal devoted to the study of sex Media can have 3 types of influences: ( Communication Theory ) Cultivation: the view that exposure to the mass media makes people think that what they see there represents the mainstream of what really occurs. Agenda-Setting: the idea that the media define what is important and what is not important based on which stories they cover. Social Learning: The idea that the media provide role models whom we imitate. It is the idea that teenagers who watch more sexy television engage in intercourse earlier than those who don’t. Ethnocentrism: The tendency to regard one’s own ethnic group and culture as superior to others and the believe that its customs and way of life are the standards by which other cultures should be judged. Influences people’s understanding of sexual behavior. Clellan Ford & Frank Beach: surveyed sexual behavior in 190 societies around the world and also across various animal surveys. Concluded that American culture was relatively restricted compared to the majority of those studied. Incest Taboo: A regulation prohibiting sexual interaction between close blood relatives, such as brother and sister or father and daughter. Nearly universal in cultures around the world as prohibited – a commonality in sexual regulations between cultures. Inis Beang: Small island off the coast of Ireland that has a very sexuality suppress society.
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Mangaia : Island in the South Pacific is the opposite of Inis Beang, the young have sex often and have many sex partners in their lifetime. Masturbation: Self-stimulation of the genitals to produce sexual arousal. Three general rules of homosexuality 1) No matter how a particular society treats homosexuality, the behavior always occurs in at least some individuals – that is, same-sex sexuality is found universally in all societies.
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