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March 6 geo 188

March 6 geo 188 - Unit5:(part2,counterrevolution, Thisweek...

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Unit 5: revolutionary struggle (part 2), counter-revolution, and enduring authoritarianism This week Cuba Brazil Chile Nicaragua (part 2) Readings: 2 blum chapters, chile, 1964-73; Nicaragua 1981-90 Recall: Extreme inqualites in land and society—volatile social tensions Uneven social order often held together by force Fuentes: Latin America “at war with the past” La Feber: “Inevitable Revolutions” Uprisings come up against vested interest, esp: o Large-landholding classes (often linked to political military class) o US Transnational corporations (and frequently US intervention) o Pre-WW2- support for economic interest more explicit (e.g. Smedley Butler—the  US marine) o After WW2, Us intervention as “fighting communism” Jacobo Arbenz Guzman Operation success—1954: CIA destabilization and US Marines— Arbenz resigns Guatemala aids in removing Arbenz When the Mountains tremble—Rigoberta Menchu – the Mayan women who won peace prize 1992—won Nobel Prize 1996-7: “civil war” official ends Guatemalan Truth Commission (1999) o 200,000 killed – 1M displaced o Guatemalan military: did 93% of this o Guerrilla rebels: 7% 1999—Clinton expressed that US role in Guatemala’s 36- year war was wrong. The famous 20 th  C revolutionary witnesses Arbenz coup… Che Guevara  “In his eyes, the twin evils in Latin American were the native oligarchies and the US” o Jon Anderson After Guatemala, he meets Fidel Castro Cuba’s “semi-independence’ US political control o Series of invasions, occupations, and support for dictators
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US economic control o Eg in 1956, US corporations control” 75% of imports85% of exports
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March 6 geo 188 - Unit5:(part2,counterrevolution, Thisweek...

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