January 24 - January 24, 2008 UNIT 2: EXTRACTING RESOURCES:...

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January 24, 2008 UNIT 2: EXTRACTING RESOURCES: COLONIAL LABOUR REGIMES AND EXPANDING FRONTIERS INCAN CONQUEST god-like monarch: Wayna Qhapaq – recently died of smallpox much like Aztecs were at the height of their powers when the Europeans came unlike teh Aztecs their ruler never came into contact with the Spanish has 2 sons – hald brothres: Atawallpa vv. Waskhar – go against eachother for power so teh North and the South split promises Pizarro gold in plea for his own life– get melted down into bars Pizarro kills him anyways – asked to not be burned alive, but did so anyway which goes against their religious beliefs huge losses of life by disease – Mexico went from 25M to less than 1M has a huge influence on the labour regimes Resistance towards Europeans Meso-American: more covert less confrontational ignored when possible accommodated when unavoidable Catholic “syncretism” - previous religious were fused together not huge uprising and revolts Incan realm: more overt 300 revolts and rebellions in Viceroyalty of Peru 1572 – resistance of Tupac Amaru 1780-81 = Tupac Amaru II – largest revolt after conquest – was eventually crushed Demographic outcomes for indigenous populations of LAC survival and eventual rebound in highlands of Central America and the Andes (former Mayan and Incan realms) modern day countries: southern Mexico(100M), Guatamela, Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador much lower in place where populations were less dense (Amazonian Basin) some groups in Brazil still do not have contact In Brazil – much less population – a very different conquering Influences labour regimes that follow: depends of populations where indigenous societies were more sedentary and densely populated – villages often lift more or less intact and try to get them to work ie. in Mayan realm- were able to maintain their languages, culture, and some of their land easier to exploi esp. after population stabalizes high civilizations are more easily exploited Where population was mobile, sparsser, and less organized Europeans had much harder time extracting labour got wiped out more easily Portuguese Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) – overseen by Pope Alexander 6 th – splitting Portuguese and Spanish
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1500 – Pedro Cabral – find Brazil on Eastern tip of Brazil European exploration in Amazon Basin search for 'El Dorado' – mythic city of gold nothing was really found found no resoures and smaller, more mobile societies disease is rampant European not finding ans people – no labour recent evidence: soe sedentary societies in Amazon devestated by disease – outpaced the
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This note was uploaded on 12/20/2009 for the course GEOGRAPHY 188 taught by Professor None during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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January 24 - January 24, 2008 UNIT 2: EXTRACTING RESOURCES:...

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