MidtermNotes - Soviet Union Political Units of the Soviet...

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Unformatted text preview: Soviet Union Political Units of the Soviet Union 1. is Soviet Social Republics o represented strongest cultural groups o theoretically had the rights of a sovereign state, however they did not use a different currency 2. Oblasts, Krays, ASSRs o Oblast was an administrative unit Significant national group o ASSR Autonomous Soviet Sot Republic Reorganized a significant minority nationality o Kray Administrative function but could contain: Autonomous blasts In order of importance: SSR ASSR A Oblast A. Okrug USSR Had 200 national groups at beginning of the USSR The following Soviet Sot Republics do not contain political subdivisions at the oblast/kray/ ASSR level Latvian SSR Lithuania SSR Estonia SSR Armenia SSR The following Soviet Union Sot Republics contain only oblasts, none of which contain an Autonomous Okrug. And therefore contain no politically recognized national groups. The number in brackets identifies the number of oblasts in the particular SSR Turkmen SSR(5) Ukrainian SSR(25) Belorussion SSR(6) Kazakh SSR(19) Kirgiz SSR(3) The remaining SSRs Tadzhik SSR- 2 oblasts, 1 automous oblast Georgian SSR- 2 ASSRs, 1 autonomous oblast Uzbek SSR- 11 oblasts, 1 ASSR Azerbaydzthan Russia before Communism 300 years before communism o Romanov Rule o Czarism Czarism o Authoritarian o Brutal o Political obedience achieved by 1. huge bureaucracy 2. ruthless secret police o Romanov power almost absolute o 1880- 1917 o Czars tried to unify multinational empire and reinforce autocratic rule o Tried to impose Russian language and Russian orthodox faith o Id. Revolution came to Russia o Misery for working people o Czars were indifferent Why did czarism persist? 1. Russian people were insecure. They were worried about continuing political shifting. Autocracy offered assurance of defense and survival. 2. Serfdom a. Russians poor and ignorant and could not challenge czarism b. Russian aristocracy- got cheap labor in return for loyalty 3. Russian entrepreneurial middle class a. Money from czar for industrialization 4. Russian Orthodox Church a. Promise of life after death in return for passivity and obedience Bolsheviks o Marxists that dominated the Russian Social Democratic Party o Marxists lead by Lenin o Committed to violence to achieve ends o Bolstered by czars indifference to plight of people o Sunday January 22, 1905- peaceful workers protest- massacre o October 1905 Revolution- general strike, working conditions. Czar promised reforms to middle class not tot the poor o WW1-increased misery of workers o 1917- general strike- czar abdicates o Nov. 7, 1917- Bolsheviks seize admin and communism centers o Provisional government falls Why did the Bolsheviks succeed?...
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MidtermNotes - Soviet Union Political Units of the Soviet...

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