Japbuddhismcompact

Japbuddhismcompact - H e ia n B u d d h is m T e n d a i a...

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Heian Buddhism Tendai and Shingon Buddhism
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Historical Periods • Prehistoric Period Jomon ( aprox. 10,000 BCE-300 B.C.E.) Yayoi (300 B.C.E.-300 C.E.) Kofun (300-552) • Asuka Period (552-710) • Nara Period (710-794) • Heian Period (794-1185) • Medieval Period Kamakura (1185-1333) Muromachi (1338-) Azuchi-Momoyama (1573-1603) Tokugawa Period (1603-1867) Modern Period Meiji (1868-1912) Taisho (1912-1926) Showa (1926-1989) Heisei (1989-Present)
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The Late Nara Period • The Kokubunji provincial Temple System • 6 Schools of Nara Buddhism • S ō niry ō : Government Regulation of Monks • D ō ky ō and monastic involvement in Government.
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The Heian Period 794-1185 • Emperor Kammu moves capital to Heian (Modern-day Kyoto) in 794 • The Reform of Buddhism
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Basic Mahayana Buddhism • Salvation for all • Faith and devotion • Bodhisattva ideal • Eternal Buddha
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Chinese Tiantai School • Zhiyi (538-597) • Classification of Sutras • Three truths • Lotus Sutra • Meditation
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Lotus Teachings • Upaya - expedient means • One vehicle – Not three • Sravaka/arhat • Pratyeka buddha (private buddha) • Bodhisattva • Non human Buddha
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Tendai Saich ō /Dengyo Daishi (767-822) •Sent to a Kokubunji to study Buddhism at age 11. •Ordained at Todaiji at age 18 •Ascetic Practice on Mt. Hiei
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Saich ō continued • Travels to China in 804, but only stays 6 months • Receives Tendai texts and teachings from Mt. Tiantai • Receives Esoteric Buddhist transmission as an afterthought • In 806 Emperor Kammu authorizes two ordinands a year for Tendai, thus establishing it as a distinct school • In 822, one month after Saicho’s death, Mt. Hiei is recognized by the emperor as a separate ordination platform.
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• Original Enlightenment: An egalitarian vision of Buddhism • Tendai Philosophy and practices become the basis for the Zen, Pure Land and Nichiren traditions of the Kamakura period. • Creation of a new monastic discipline in Japan
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Japbuddhismcompact - H e ia n B u d d h is m T e n d a i a...

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