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meditation - • Dhyāna A trance-like state arising from...

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Buddhist Meditation
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Two Monastic Paths Granthadhura The path of study Vidarshanadhura/Vipassanadhura The path of contemplation The path of contemplation is not necessarily the one valued the most by the Buddhist community
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Bhāvanā Mental cultivation Samādhi (concentration) cultivated through Samatha (calm) mediation Prajñā (wisdom) developed through and Vipassanā meditation Leads to understanding of the way things are and release from Samsara
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Samatha Meditation (Calm Abiding) Samādhi Choosing the appropriate object of meditation 40 possible objects. Each object is suited to the needs of a different kind of student
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The Four Measureless states ( Counteracts anger ) 1. loving kindness (mettā) 2. compassion (karunā) 3. sympathetic joy (Muditā) 4. equanimity (upekkhā) Mindfulness of breathing (Counteracts sloth) Contemplation of the unpleasant (Counteracts desire)
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The Dhyānas and Cosmology
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Unformatted text preview: • Dhyāna: A trance-like state arising from Samatha meditation • Sphere of Pure Form (1 st – 4 th Dhyāna) – Psychic powers attained at 4 th Dhyāna • Sphere of Formlessness (5 th-8 th Dhyāna) Goal and Results of Samatha Meditation • Develops Mindfulness and one-pointedness of concentration • Calms the three poisons • Gives mind the clarity to see the way things are • Calm abiding alone does not lead to Nirvana Vipassanā Meditation (Insight) • Like a surgeon’s scalpel • Reveals the three marks of existence in our mental and physical states: – Impermanence (Anicca), No-self (Anātman) and Suffering (Dukkha) Goal and Results Vipassanā Meditation • Breaks stimulus response • Loosens the grip of habits. ...freedom • Leads to Nirvana Summary • The goal of meditation • Is meditation a religious practice?...
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