L6+Global+effort+in+combating+global+environmental+issues

L6+Global+effort+in+combating+global+environmental+issues -...

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Earth summits and concept of sustainable development Global Effort in combating global environmental issues
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Outline of lecture s Earth Summits s 1972 Stockholm Conference s 1992 Rio De Janeiro Summit s Rio De Janeiro Declaration s Sustainability s Agenda 21 (biodiversity protection) s 2002 Johannesburg (South Africa) Summit s Key Conventions s Kyoto Convention (Global warming) s Others
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h Economy : a system of production, distribution, and consumption of economic goods: h Goods: any material items or services that satisfy people’s wants or needs. h In any economy, we need to make economic decisions on: h what goods and services to produce, h how to produce them, h how much to produce, h how to distribute them, h and what to buy and sell. h Production of any goods requires consumption of natural resources . Conflict between economic development and natural resource protection
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General approach s One earth concept – common homeland s Any environmental issue is a complex issue s Global environmental issue requires global effort s Earth Summits s 1972 Stockholm Conference: one earth concept s 1992 Rio De Janeiro Summit: sustainable concept s 2002 Johannesburg (South Africa) Summit s UNEP ( United Nations Environment Program) s UNDP ( United Nations Developmental Program) s GEF ( Global Environmental Facilities ) s Our understanding of life-supporting system will change
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Stockholm (Sweden) Conference, June 5-16, 1972 s Full Name: United Nations Conference on the Human Environment s Major theme: Human Being and Environment s Human Environment Declaration: Human being and Environment can’t be separated!!! – One Earth Concept s UNEP establishment s International Environmental day
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h Global Environmental Facilities (GEF): funding support for projects addressing environmental management and sustainable development h United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has been instrumental in bringing about international policies, agreements, and actions. h Build awareness of environmental issues around the world, h Facilitation of development of international environmental law, h Information – reliable flow of objective and meaningful information, vital for effective decision-making. h United Nations Developmental Programme (UNDP) has been instrumental in bringing about international policies, agreements, and actions h Focused on national and regional sustainable development h Capacity building Global Efforts In combating Global Environmental Issues
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Rio De Janeiro Summit, 3-14 June,1992 s Full Name: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development s Principal themes: Environment and Development s Number of governments: 172, 108 state heads s NGO presents: some 2,400 representatives s Number of people attended: 17,000 s Resulting documents: s Agenda 21 s The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development s The Statement of Forest Principles s The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change s The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
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L6+Global+effort+in+combating+global+environmental+issues -...

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