Exam 1 Notes

Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes -Low Birth Weight: Under 5 lbs....

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Exam 1 Notes -Low Birth Weight: Under 5 ½ lbs. -Very Low Birth Weight: Under 3 lbs. -Current Recommendation: Women should gain 25-35 lbs during pregnancy- This would stop pre-mature babies. -Premature: A baby born 37 weeks before gestation -If you can get to 24 weeks pregnant w/out a problem, you will have a healthy birth wt. Reasons for Premature Babies: -Women are afraid to gain 25-35 lbs -Women are afraid that the longer they stay in utero, the bigger their baby will be -Black people have the most premature babies due to lack of medical care Risk Factors for Low Birth Weight Babies: Level One: -Women under 17 and above 35 -Single -Non-White -Low Education -Low Socio-Economic Status Level Two: -Inadequate pre-natal weight gain -Inadequate maternal nutrition -Inadequate or no pre-natal care -Smoking/Substance Abuse Level Three: -Low Birth Weight -Premature Level Four: -Infant Mortality 1940’s: -32 out of 1,000 babies died -Discovery of Antibiotics -32/1000 -> 14/1000 died
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1950’s: -Neo-Natal Intensive Care Units Created -Decreased deaths from 14/1000 to 7-8/1000 Blood Pressure: Systolic: Top number- Pressure against walks Diastolic: Bottom number- Heart b/w beats and resting Normal BP = Below 120/80 Terms: -Gravita: Pregnancy -Puer: Child -Parity: Live births completed -Primaparity: One pregnancy -Multiparity: Two or more pregnancies -Prima Gravita: One pregnancy -Multi Gravita: More than one pregnancy -Neonatal: First 4 weeks of birth -Perinatal: Period around birth -Post-Natal: After birth -Gestation: Entire Pregnancy -Gestational Age: Length of pregnancy calculated from first day of your last period -Ovulatory Age: Length of pregnancy calculates from day of ovulation ( 2 weeks less than Gestational Age) -Trimester: 1/3 of pregnancy (Less than 13 weeks) -Abortion: Termination of pregnancy -Miscarriage: Spontaneous Abortion -Uterus: Muscular organ that receives and hold the egg -Amniotic Fluid: Fluid in Placenta; Cushions body -Embryo: Product of conception during the first 3 months of life -Fetus: Product of conception after 3 months of life -Placenta: Vascular organ (Filled w/ blood) develops during pregnancy. Metabolic exchange of nutrient b/w fetus and mother Dietary Guidelines for Pregnant Women: 1) Maintain healthy weight 2) Gain or lose necessary weight 3) Don’t smoke or drink- Reduces oxygen to placenta 4) Discourage medicine and supplements unless prescribed Healthy State for Women: 1) Low fat, sat fat, and cholesterol 2) Plenty of fruits and vegetables 3) Whole Grains 4) Salt in moderation
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-During the first trimester, women should not increase their calorie consumption. Dietary Guidelines for Pregnant Women: *Calories: 2nd and 3 rd Trimester: Add 300 calories -In very young girls: Add 500 calories *Protein: Preconception = 0.8g/kg/day Pregnancy = don’t increase until 2 nd half of pregnancy to 1.1g/kg/day (additional 25 grams) RDA= 71 grams *Carbohydrates: Pregnancy = Min of 175 grams/day
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Exam 1 Notes - Exam 1 Notes -Low Birth Weight: Under 5 lbs....

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