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Anthropometric Lab

Anthropometric Lab - Sarah Ohlinger Dr Koness NFS 443 13...

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Sarah Ohlinger Dr. Koness NFS 443 13 October 2009 Lab 3 & 4: Anthropometric Measures Introduction: The purpose of this lab was to assess anthropometric measures on a client using skinfold and circumference measurements, height and weight and a bioelectrical impedance test. Calculations including percent body fat, percent ideal body weight and mid-arm circumference were interpreted and evaluated. Collection of data recorded and it’s comparison to values of reference standards may infer risk factors for various disease. Methods: Weight was the first anthropometric value measured on the client. A standardized calibrated electronic scale was used to accurately measure body weight. The client was instructed to remove her shoes, stand in the center of the scale and look straight ahead with her hands at her sides. The weight was then recorded immediately. Next, height was measured using a stadiometer attached to the wall. The client was asked to take her shoes off again and stand straight, looking straight ahead with heels, buttocks, shoulder blades and the back of her head touching the wall. The headboard was then lowered so that the hair was pressed flat. The height measurement was then recorded with eyes level to the headboard. Arm span was measured next using a measuring tape. The client was instructed to stand with their back against the wall, heels together and their arms stretched sideways
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with the palms facing outwards. The tape measure was then stretched from the tip of one middle finger to the tip of the other middle finger, with the tape measure going across the clients back. The measurement was then recorded. Knee height extends from the top of the knee to the heel and was assessed with a measuring tape while the individual is sitting in a chair and the knee was bent at a 90-degree angle. Waist circumference was measured by locating the upper hip bone and top of the right ileac crest. A measuring tape was placed in a horizontal plane around the abdomen at the level of the ileac crest. The tape measure is pulled snug around the abdomen, and the measurements were recorded. The client was told to breathe out normally and to not suck in the stomach. Next, the mid arm circumference measurement was taken at the midpoint of the right upper arm at the midpoint between the acromion process and the tip of the olecranon (the distance between the shoulder and the elbow). The client stood with the arm fully extended and the left arm should be hanging loosely by the side with the palm facing inward. The measuring tape was positioned horizontally at the midpoint, and then tightened firmly around the arm as the measurements were recorded. Skin fold measurements were measured next. Tricep thickness was measured by finding a vertical fold on the midline of the upper arm, over the tricep muscle; halfway between the tip of the shoulder and the tip of the elbow. The client was then asked to contract their tricep muscle and the investigator grasped the skin and fat over the tricep muscle with their thumb and index finger. The client was then asked to relax the muscle,
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