9-18-09- muscular skeleton

9-18-09- muscular skeleton - Medical Terminology-9-18-09...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Medical Terminology--9-18-09 Musculoskeletal System A) Bone and Joint Hippocratic treatises o Joints/ Fractures Hippocratic Bench o They had a lot of devices to re-locating shoulders etc. They made a huge contraption that they could put people in different positions and some of the positions were bad and could leave the patient paralyzed o This is supposedly where the torture device came from B) Combining Forms for the Musculoskeletal System Joint arthr/o arthritis- inflammation of the joint o Arthrodysplasia- typical for faulty formation of joint Arm brachi/o brachiocephalic- pertaining to arm and head Neck cervic/o cervicitis- inflammation of the neck- actually inflammation of the cervix on female o Cervicodynia- painful neck Cartilage chondr/o arthrochondritis- inflammation of the joint cartilage o Achondroplasia- inflammation of the cartilage Rib cost/o costopneumonpexy- fixation the lungs to the ribs Skull crani/o cranioscopy- examination of the skull o Craniosclerosis- condition where the skull bone is getting thicker- rickets Finger dactyl/o dactylomegaly- enlargement of fingers and toes o Dactylolysis- where fingers fall off- lepracy, frostbite Crooked/stiff ankyl/o ankylosis- condition of stiffness- joint that doesn’t move o Ankyloglossia- tongue-tied
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Humped kyph/o kyphosis- curve in spine Smooth lei/o leiomyoma- tumor of the smooth muscle o Leiodermia- condition of smooth skin Bent lord/o lordosis- condition of bent spine Loin/lowback lumb/o lumbar- pertaining to lower back o Lumbodynia- lower back pain Bone marrow or spinal cord myel/o myelitis- inflammation of spinal cord o Myelodysplasia- faulty formation of the spinal cord or bone marrow Muscle muscul/o muscular o My/o myalgia Myasthenia- weakness of the muscles Myocardial- pertaining to the heart muscle Myopathy- disease in muscle o Myos/o myocitis- inflammation of muscle Knee cap patell/o patellar- pertaining to knee cap Pelvis pelv/I pelvimeter- measuring the pelvis o Pelvospondylitis- inflammation of spine in pelvic region Rod shaped rhabd/o rhabdomyoma- tumor of rod shaped (striated) muscle Flesh sarc/o sarcoma- tumor of the flesh o Sarcoid- something that appears like flesh o Sarcostosis- condition of flesh that is becoming bone like Twisted scoli/o scoliosis- side bending curve in spine Tendon ten/o tenodesis- fixation of the tendon o Tend/o tendolysis-removal of adhesions around the tendon o Tendin/o tendinitis- inflammation of the tendon
Background image of page 2
Chest thorac/o thoracic- pertaining to the chest o Thoracocentesis- puncture of the chest Tone, tension ton/o myotonia- condition of increase tone in muscle-
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 11

9-18-09- muscular skeleton - Medical Terminology-9-18-09...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online